Urinary_System - Urinary System Chapter 6 kidneys Remove...

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Unformatted text preview: Urinary System Chapter 6 kidneys Remove waste products from the blood and help maintain water and electrolyte balances nephron Produce urine (1 million in each kidney) glomerulus Place where blood is filtered & urine formation starts (Cluster of capillaries at entrance of nephron). Renal Pelvis Collects urine and passes it to the ureter (funnel shaped) hilum Where ureter leaves the kidney ( Indentation on medial side of kidney) ureters receive urine from kidneys and carry to back of bladder (two slender tubes 10-13 inches long) bladder Holds urine (muscular hollow organ gets thinner and larger as it fills) urethra Place where urine passes from bladder to outside (longer in males also carries semen) Urinary Meatus Opening where urine passes to outside Combining forms Cyst /o Vesic /o (bladder, sac) Glomerul /o (glomerulus) Meat /o (meatus) Nephr /o, ren /o (kidney) Pyel /o (renal pelvis) Ureter /o (ureter) Urethr /o (urethra) Albumin /o (albumin) Azot /o (urea, nitrogen) blast /o (developing cell, germ cell) glyc /o, glycos /o (sugar) Hydr /o (water) Lith /o (stone, calculus) Noct /i (night) Olig /o (Scanty, few) Son /o (sound) Tom /o (cut, section) Urin /o, ur /o (Urine, urinary tract) Suffixes iasis , esis (condition) lysis (loosening, dissolution, separating) megaly (enlargement) ptosis (dropping, sagging, prolapse) rrhaphy (Suturing, repairing) tripsy (Surgical crushing) trophy (Nourishment, development) uria (urine, urination) Can you define these medical terms? cyst itis Inflammation of the bladder cyst o cele Protrusion of the bladder...
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This note was uploaded on 11/22/2010 for the course HSC 2531 taught by Professor Chancey during the Spring '10 term at Santa Fe College.

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Urinary_System - Urinary System Chapter 6 kidneys Remove...

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