Jan. 9 KPER 1400 Winter 2020 (1).pptx - Defining Leisure KPER 1400 \u2013 Concepts of Recreation and Leisure January 9th 2020 Required Reading Heintzman

Jan. 9 KPER 1400 Winter 2020 (1).pptx - Defining Leisure...

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Defining Leisure KPER 1400 – Concepts of Recreation and Leisure January 9 th , 2020 Required Reading: Heintzman, P. (2013) Defining Leisure. In R.M. McCarville, & K. MacKay, Leisure for Canadians , (2 nd ed., pp.3-12). State College, PA: Venture.
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What is Leisure? What words and ideas come to mind when you think about or try to define leisure? “Arguably the primary and perhaps only way that leisure has been consistently identified through history is by contrast with work” (Hunnicutt, 2006, p.56)
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The Etymology of Leisure (Not Entomology) Etymology – Concerned with where and how words developed Leisure derives from the Latin Licere = To Be Allowed Roman – Otium Linked with contemplation and opportunity for freedom from both time and occupation Greek equivalent of otium = Schole – To have time to spare or, specially time for oneself Greek Concept of Leisure – The origin of the division between liberal arts and servile work – Liberals arts as the idea of education for its own sake Hunnicutt argues in Greek, the closest word is actually related to “a victory and the the ability to dominate others” (p.60)
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The Birth of Leisure in the Greek Classical Age (Hunnicutt, 2006) Hunter-gatherers today have no word for or concept of leisure (or idleness, or laziness) Most ancient peoples – no one word or general concept of work Emergence of Greek city-states that leisure is identified as a “clear cultural category, value it as a cultural good, contrast it unambiguously with ‘work’, and begin to build institutional forms (such as schools) around the new reality. (p.57) ‘work’ often associated with slavery
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The Birth of Leisure in the Greek Classical Age (Hunnicutt, 2006) Greek city-states developed as slave societies Farming lost its religious association, status and virtue farm ‘work’ became understood as a “act of servility” – reflection of ”economies of antiquity” and increased use of slave labour (p.57) Greek words for ‘Work’ and ‘Toil’ emerged – associated with manual & servant/forced labour 2 classes of people emerged – free versus controlled However, there was a social continuum (from slave to free) Various grades of servitude Opened a new general cultural & language continuum that allowed for comparisons – Less Free versus More Free Distinctions between servants, women and masters
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Leisure’s darker side: Control for the sake of control (Hunnicutt, 2006) First uses of leisure may have been the exercise of power and control for the sakes of power and control E.g. ritual slaughter of captives, exploitation of women, torture of slaves etc. Leisure formed vis-à-vis work as control Greek origins of the word for leisure – directly related to “a victory and to the ability to dominate others” (p.60). This provides the basis for thinking about leisure as “peace/opportunity” or freedom from, and freedom to do
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Leisure for all – Being Free from Service As slavery spread and work was defined by the emergence of various conditions of servitude, servants, women and masters
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