Growth++Health++and+Nutrition+Lecture+6+for+Students

Growth++Health++and+Nutrition+Lecture+6+for+Students -...

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1 Growth, Health, and Nutrition October 14, 2010 Infant Development, Fall 2010 Chapter 4 Growth and Nutrition Percentiles: Weight and Height Fiftieth percentile is average Berger & Thompson (1995)
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2 Change in Body Proportions Head size is reduced; body more proportional Kail (2003) Physical Growth and Nutrition • Nutrition, climate, physical, and psychological factors affect growth • Variability exists as a function of nationality, ethnicity, and socio-economic status • Good nutrition is critical for promoting adequate growth, and breast feeding early in life is clearly preferred Benefits of Breast Feeding • Correct balance between fat and protein • Nutritionally complete • More digestible • Disease protection • Better jaw and tooth development • Easier transition to solid food • Psychological benefits as well: Promotes bonding
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3 Highest Rates of Breastfeeding • Mothers over age thirty • Caucasian women more likely • College-educated • Living in Western United States • First child (women with more than one child are more likely to breastfeed for longer) Education is important! Only approximately 35% of world’s infants breastfed until four months Risk Factors for Discontinuing • Return home for the hospital, difficulties with breastfeeding • Return to work, no maternity leaves • Formula given to most mothers enrolled in programs • Lack of support from family and friends • Cultural norms • Sleeping arrangements • Thoughts on extended breast feeding? Risk Factors for Discontinuing
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Growth++Health++and+Nutrition+Lecture+6+for+Students -...

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