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Introduction+and+History

Introduction+and+History - Chapter 1 Introduction and...

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1 September 27, 2010 Infant Development, Fall 2010 Chapter 1 Introduction and History Why Study Infant Development? Infant development Child development Adult development But What is Development? Development: Persistent, durable, and progressive changes that are not easily modified once established; alters the individual in meaningful ways • Becomes more efficient, organized, and mature from infancy to adulthood • Development differs from learning
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2 Themes Underlying the Study of Infant Development Important Issues • Nature and nurture • Continuity versus discontinuity • Passive and active processes • Brain development and social influences • The interaction between nature and nurture Nature: ____________________________________ Nurture: ___________________________________ • Initially thought of as a debate, such that one of these constructs was dominant Nature: ____________________, natural tendencies Nurture: __________________, idea of “tabula rasa” Nature and Nurture
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3 • Whether development occurs in a continuous or discontinuous manner Continuous: Each new event builds on earlier experiences in an orderly way through gradual improvements; ______________________________ Discontinuous: Development occurs in discrete steps or changes, and each stage constitutes a qualitatively distinct set of behaviors; ______________________ Continuity and Discontinuity
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