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1 Birth and the Newborn October 12, 2010 Infant Development, Fall 2010 Chapter 3 Birth Variability in Birth Experiences Attendees: Obstetrician, certified nurse-midwife, family members Record of the event: Video recording, still camera Type of birth: Vaginal, cesarean Pain relief: Breathing, positioning, anesthesia, analgesia Fetal monitoring: Belt around waist, monitor on scalp
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2 Birth Setting • Most births in United States occur in hospitals Advantages: Highly educated team of obstetricians and certified nurses; technological advances Limitations: Less personalized experience • Birthing centers are another option Advantages: Comply with national standards, less costly, more freedom Limitations: Less advanced care, less experienced attendants Media Attention Relevant movie: The Business of Being Born From the film’s website: “The film interlaces intimate birth stories with surprising historical, political, and scientific insights and shocking statistics about the current maternity care system.” Stages of Childbirth Stage 1: Contractions, dilation and thinning of the cervix (effacement) ______________ phase: Infrequent contractions, not especially painful ______________ phase: More intense and frequent contractions; infant transitions into the birth canal Stage 2: Delivery of the ____________________ Stage 3: Delivery of the ____________________
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