Microsoft+PowerPoint+-+Cognition++Learning++and+Intelligence+for+Students

Microsoft+PowerPoint+-+Cognition++Learning++and+Intelligence+for+Students

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1 Cognition, Learning, and Intelligence October 28 and November 2, 2010 Infant Development, Fall 2010 Chapter 7 Piaget Who is Piaget? • Born in Switzerland in 1896, died in 1980 • Famous for work in developmental psychology and genetic epistemology • Qualitative researcher • Studied his own children
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2 Piagetian Theory _____________________________ theory – Child as a scientist, active agent in development – Ability to learn through intrinsic motivation _____________________________ theory – Developmental change occurs as a result of counterevidence that refutes previous thoughts or knowledge Relation to Important Issues Interaction of nature and nurture – Not a maturational theory – Environmental stimulation, challenges, reaching goals Continuity and discontinuity – Qualitative change – Invariant sequence – Brief transitional period Process of Cognitive Development _______________________: Organized systems of actions or thoughts that enable individuals to mentally represent objects and events in an attempt to adapt to the environment _______________________: Process through which schemes are altered as a result of experience
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3 _______________________________________: Understanding something new by fitting that information in with what is already known – Using an existing scheme to make sense of new information: Sucking on all objects in the same way – Processing new information according to an existing scheme: Identifying an animal correctly as a cat based on previous experience with them Process of Cognitive Development Assimilation Known information Pointy ears – Meows Walks and jumps Likes to eat fish and meat, drinks milk Assimilation Known information Pointy ears – Meows Walks and jumps Likes to eat fish and meat, drinks milk
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4 _______________________________________: Development of new, more appropriate schemes when information does not fit into existing structures – Adapting existing scheme to learn new information: Sucking on different objects in different ways – Putting information into a new mental framework: Constructing a new scheme for dogs based on a mismatch with cats Process of Cognitive Development Accommodation Known information Pointy ears – Meows Walks and jumps Likes to eat fish and meat, drinks milk Accommodation Known information Pointy ears – Meows Walks and jumps Likes to eat fish and meat, drinks milk
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5 Is it a Cat? Is it a Dog?
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