10 - SMPA120ClassNotes 20:47 ForeignPolicyandPublicOpinion

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SMPA 120 Class Notes  20:47 Foreign Policy and Public Opinion  Holstin Reading- evolution of the role of public opinion and foreign policy  Two main conflicting schools of thought on foreign policy o Liberal democrats- believe public opinion should matter- public opinion is  essential as a constraining – leaders will be more circumspect in taking  the country into foreign wars because they could be punished by public  opinion by doing so Elected officials have a tendency to have active foreign policy and be  hawks and public opinion leans toward being doves  Why would public opinion lean towards being doves? They are the  ones who have to go fight in the wars  Why would elected officials lean towards fighting?  o Realist-  Most prominent theory in international relations All nations are unitary actors who care about nothing more than their  own survival, fear driven, chaotic, rational self-interest  Public opinion is irrational and detrimental and dangerous because  there should be a single voice  In order to survive, need to make foreign policy decisions in a secret 
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10 - SMPA120ClassNotes 20:47 ForeignPolicyandPublicOpinion

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