1348 Am J Psychiatry 163:8, August 2006 Images in Psychiatry ajp.psychiatryonline.org Nise Magalhães da Silveira (1905–1999) I n the 1940s, the treatment of schizophrenia was revolution-ized by the Brazilian psychiatrist Dr. Nise Magalhães da Silveira. Disagreeing with the current methods of treatment, she searched for new therapeutic approaches in the treatment of mentally ill patients. The nonverbal language of plastic arts would make it possible for patients to express themselves and organize their subjective world (1). Dr. da Silveira started painting and modeling classes for patients with schizophrenia in the National Psychiatric Centre, Rio de Janeiro, from 1944 to 1975. Dr. da Silveira and her Museum of Images of the Unconscious are of fundamental importance in the history of psychiatry in Bra-zil. Individuals with schizophrenia, a group marginalized by soci-ety as well as by psychiatric institutions prior to the museum’s founding, were finally able to find space and affection to express
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