St+Patrick++s+Hospital_Clare+AJP+1998 - Images in...

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Am J Psychiatry 155:11, November 1998 1599 Images in Psychiatry St. Patrick’s Hospital O n Oct. 19, 1745, Jonathan Swift, Dean of St. Patrick’s Cathe- dral in Dublin and author of Gulliver’s Travels , died. In his will, he bequeathed his entire estate to found a hospital for “fools and mad” (1). On Aug. 8, 1746, a Royal Charter was granted to the hospital by George II. St. Patrick’s Hospital was the first psychiatric hospital to be built in Ireland and is one of the oldest in the world. Its life spans two and a half centuries of tumultuous social and political change in Ireland—the 1798 rebellion being commemorated this year (Dr. Robert Emmet, father of the patriot executed in nearby Th- omas Street, was the first State Physician to the Hospital), the Great Famine, home rule agitation, the 1916 Easter Rising, the War of In- dependence, the Civil War, and the birth of a new Ireland. Through- out these times, the hospital continued to fulfill its founder’s aspira- tions: providing psychiatric care for many thousands of men and
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