chapter 1 - Introducing Psychology and Its Methods Chapter...

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Introducing Psychology and Its Methods Chapter Review 1. Psychology is the scientific study of behavior and the mind. 2. As other have noted, psychology has a long past and a short history. From its beginnings in the philosophy of Plato, Aristotle, and Descartes (among many others) through the physiology of Helmhotlz and Fechner, and medical discoveries of Kraepelin, psychology has developed into an interdisciplinary field drawing on many others. 3. Most people give credit to Wilhelm Wundt for starting the first psychological laboratory. He trained many of the early students (including William James, the founder of American psychology) in his introspective method. Sigmund Freud founded psychoanalysis, the method using activities of the conscious as a clue to unconscious conflicts. There are many, many other individuals who influenced this early field. 4. Thorndike discovered operant conditioning, whereby an animal continues to perform actions that are reinforced and ceases to perform those that are not reinforced or are punished. Pavlov discovered classical conditioning, whereby animals learn to make
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This note was uploaded on 04/03/2008 for the course BSC 2010 taught by Professor Bowes during the Spring '08 term at University of Florida.

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chapter 1 - Introducing Psychology and Its Methods Chapter...

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