Lecture Wk1 - Objectives Introduction Structure of the...

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11/24/10 Objectives Introduction Structure of the course Themes  What is archaeology? Biological evolution and cultural change
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Click to edit Master subtitle style 11/24/10 Archaeology Archaeology is the study of the human past through the physical  remains left by humankind. Archaeologists place events in time to  understand change through time.
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11/24/10 Anthropological Archaeology Anthropological archaeology is a subfield of Anthropology,  literally the study of ‘(hu)man’ humankind. It relies on evidence from: Physical anthropology,  Social anthropology Linguistics History Geography  Geological sciences
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11/24/10 Physical anthropology (biological) Human evolution : How Homo  sapiens, sapiens  (modern humans)  came into being Living primates Bioarchaeology Evidence from : Fossils Primate behavior Molecular remains (DNA)
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11/24/10 Cultural anthropology  Describes and analyzes the culture of living human groups The concept of culture links all subfields of anthropology because all subfields study aspects of human  behavior that is learned, shared and symbolic (culture) Evidence from : Ethnographies (face to face interaction and study of humans).  Provides archaeology with living examples of behavior  (analogies) to understand past human behavior
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11/24/10 Linguistic anthropology Studies speech, human forms of communication, language and  thought. It studies how language changed through time Evidence from Movements of people on the basis of language change and  borrowing of terms. It can provide some information about  when groups of people separated or of contact between  different groups of people
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Archaeology’s diversity Prehistoric archaeology Human past before written  records Historical archaeology Human past after written  records Classical archaeology Classical civilizations Egypt,  Greece, Roman.. Industrial archaeology Industrial revolution
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11/24/10 Geological Time The earth was formed about 4.6 billion years  ago. Life emerged around 4 billion years ago. Bipedal beings appeared about 7-4   mya (mya=million years ago) The first creature of the genus Homo ( Homo  
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11/24/10 Geological Time Consider the 4.6-billion year history as a single week, with  each day representing about 650 million years. If the Earth formed on Sunday morning, then life emerged  by Sunday evening. By 11:00 a.m. on Saturday morning, the last day of the  week, life was present on land.
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