Lecture Wk2 - Objectives Review To describe the challenges...

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Click to edit Master subtitle style 11/24/10 Objectives Review To describe the challenges faced by human ancestors when leaving Africa and the solutions to those challenges. Archeological time divisions: the Paleolithic To describe the major environmental changes that occurred during the Pleistocene. To identify the information about Homo erectus derived from sites Africa and Asia (Java, China). To identify information about Homo erectus and Homo heidelbergensis from sites in Europe. To describe technological developments of the Pleistocene, including the Acheulean tool industry.
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11/24/10 Introduction Human ancestors moved out of Africa about 2 m.y.a., at the beginning of the Pleistocene. As hominids moved into Asia and Europe, they encountered cooler climate conditions (Pleistocene also known as the ice age). Expansion out of the tropics required new skills and inventions for surviving in different environments. The first reliable evidence of controlled use of fire, systematic hunting, and the use of wooden spears appeared during this time.
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11/24/10 Introduction The earliest Homo erectus fossil comes from Kenya and dates to 1.8 m.y.a. Homo erectus individuals were robust, with large bones and teeth, larger bodies, and significantly larger brains than their Homo habilis ancestors. Homo erectus had brains that were about 1,000 cc.
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11/24/10 Introduction Several Homo erectus have been dated to around 2.0 m.y.a. These early dates suggest that Homo erectus may have spread very quickly across Asia following their initial appearance in Africa. The earliest dates for humans in Europe are younger than 1 m.y.a. Homo erectus was eventually replaced by Homo sapiens about 100,000 years ago.
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11/24/10 Sites where Homo erectus
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11/24/10 The Paleolithic Period Just as geologists divide up the history of the earth, archaeologists break up the prehistory of human society into smaller, more manageable units. The scheme focuses on changes to artifacts and material culture. The Paleolithic is characterized by tools of flaked flint. We will focus on several of the subdivisions of The Paleolithic Period .
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11/24/10 The Paleolithic Period The Paleolithic is subdivided into several periods. The Basal Paleolithic includes Oldowan tools dating from around 2.5 m.y.a. , and is generally associated with Homo habilis . The Lower Paleolithic includes the Acheulean assemblages, generally associated with Homo erectus , and extends from 1.9 m.y.a. to about 200,000 years ago . The Middle Paleolithic is associated with the Neanderthals and other forms of early Homo
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11/24/10 The Paleolithic Period Several important technological trends occurred during the Paleolithic. The controlled use of fire,
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Lecture Wk2 - Objectives Review To describe the challenges...

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