TenochtitlanXtraCred

TenochtitlanXtraCred - Megan Emrick ANT S304 Extra Credit...

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Megan Emrick ANT S304 8/3/2010 Extra Credit Assignment – Tenochtitlan Settlement patterns: o Aztec capital built in 1325 AD, on the island in Lake Texcoco, along the Valley of Mexico (present day Mexico City); fell to ruins on the 13 th of August 1521 after arrival of Cortes in 1519. o Tenochtitlán itself was a huge metropolis covering more than five square miles. It was originally located on two small islands in Lake Texcoco, but it gradually spread into the surrounding lake by a process, first of chinampa construction, then of consolidation. It was connected to the mainland by several causeway dikes that terminated in smaller lakeside urban communities. The lake around the city was also partly covered with chinampas with numerous rural settlements. o Grew to a point where there was no more room for expansion on the island and they were forced to move out into the lake areas. o The island connected to the mainland by three causeways that ran next to dikes, which were built to protect chinampas & to keep Lake Texcoco’s fresh H2O separate from other salty lakes of the area. o Canals ran between chinampas & were used to convey traffic through the city, including to/from the Tlatelolco market (sister city and main market). o Rigidly arranged square-grid pattern lain out with highly populated, densely packed urban core at the very center: grouped into four zones called campan. Each campan had 20 districts called calpulli crossed by streets o The site of Templo Mayor is very near the town square of the city called Zocalo. It was the central religious center for the city of Tenochtitlan. Many sacrifices occurred on the top of this structure. The temple is also called the Pyramid of Huitzilopochtli, named after the god that led them to their chosen land. In recent excavation of Templo Mayor a major artifact was uncovered. “On August 8, 2000 a team of archaeologists found a prehispanic hand-made textile piece. It was discovered inside an Aztec offering related to Tlaloc, the ancient God of the Rain. o Today, the ruins of Tenochtitlan are a very spectacular site, being located under the present-day Mexico City, Mexico Subsistence: o Fishing – river provided fish, insects, shrimp, tadpoles & natural “ahuatle” pasta; ocean
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This note was uploaded on 11/23/2010 for the course ANT 81350 taught by Professor Carrieveilleux during the Summer '10 term at University of Texas.

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TenochtitlanXtraCred - Megan Emrick ANT S304 Extra Credit...

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