Week4_Movie Questions - c What part of the brain is...

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Primate Cognition: Week 4 1. Evolution of the Human Brain (Video & Milton, 1993) a. What are some benefits to bipedalism? b. Explain the concept of the molecular clock. c. How long ago did humans diverge from apes? d. Did bipedalism immediately lead to larger brains? e. How long does it take a human vs. a chimp brain to mature? f. What can we learn from an analysis of the lunate sulcus throughout the fossil record? g. What is the critical difference in brain morphology between Australopithecus and Homo ? h. Why after millions of years of flatlining did brain-size in Homo take off? i. Does the hypothesis regarding the evolution of human brain size as described in this video contradict or support the hypothesis about human brain size evolution described in Milton (1993)? 2. Animal Emotion (Video & Dawkins, 2000) a. Why is studying animal emotion a particularly difficult prospect? b. Why would the expression of emotions in, for example, facial expressions be evolutionarily beneficial?
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Unformatted text preview: c. What part of the brain is associated with the fear response? Is it unique to primates? d. What part of the brain/neurotransmitter is associated with pleasure? e. How do we test whether animals find something pleasurable or not? What are some of the challenges inherent in these tests? f. What indications do we have that other animals experience stress? g. The only part of a mammal’s brain that is fully developed at birth is the _________. Why? h. Which neurotransmitter is involved in bonding? i. Could emotions be evolutionarily beneficial for some animals more than others? j. Do animals link thought with their emotions, in secondary emotions (e.g. guilt and shame)? Why or why not? k. Can we test whether animals are aware of their emotions? l. According to Dawkins (2000), which kind of cognitive processes require emotion? m. Dawkins (2000) lists two alternative meanings for the word “emotion.” What are they?...
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