Responding to AIDS

Responding to AIDS - Responding to the AIDS Crisis McGill...

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Responding to the AIDS Crisis McGill INTD 200 21 October 2010 Rachel Kiddell-Monroe
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Remember MDG 6? Goal: Combat HIV/AIDS Target: Have halted by 2015, and begun to reverse, the spread of HIV/AIDS
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So how are we doing? In 2008: Number of people living with HIV: 5.7 million [4 900 000 - 6 600 000] Adults aged 15 to 49 prevalence rate: 18.1% [15.4% - 20.9%] Adults aged 15 and up living with HIV: 5.4 million [4 700 000 - 6 200 000] Women aged 15 and up living with HIV: 3.2 million [2 800 000 - 3 700 000] Children aged 0 to 14 living with HIV: 280 000 [230 000 - 320 000] Deaths due to AIDS: 350 000 per year [270 000 - 420 000] Orphans due to AIDS aged 0 to 17: 1.4 million [1 100 000 - 1 800 000] Source: Epidemiological Fact Sheet on HIV and AIDS, 2008 www.UNAIDS.org downloaded 4 Aug 2010
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Global HIV/AIDS Initiatives Funding for HIV/AIDS increased considerably after 2000 (MDG 6). Global Fund for AIDS, TB and Malaria (Global Fund) Aimed the change way funding reaches countries and create mechanisms to make aid flows performance related, with countries applying for aid, broadening participation in application and delivery process and grant disbursement conditional on achievement of disbursement and progress milestones. Credited with creating new relationships between government, civil society and donors at the country level. Since its creation in 2002, the Global Fund has become the dominant financier of programs to fight AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria, with approved funding of US$ 19.4 billion for more than 600 programs in 145 countries. To date, programs supported by the Global Fund have saved 5.7 million lives through providing AIDS treatment for 2.8 million people, anti-tuberculosis treatment for 7 million people and the distribution of 122 million insecticide-treated bed nets for the prevention of malaria”
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….continued World Bank Treatment Acceleration Programme (TAP) and Multi Country AIDS Programme (MAP). Long term support to combat HIV/AIDS. Demand driven, multi-sectoral and community oriented so v. different from tradition WB funding $1.1 billion per year USG President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) . USG focuses on 15 countries under PEPFAR to provide funding for prevention, treatment and care programs. PMTCT, Blood and injection safety, prevention programs targeted at high risk groups. At the time, still promoting abstinence and faithfulness among young people. Funds distributed through USAID, HHS, Defense, Labor, Peace Corps and Census Bureau. $5 billion in 2009
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…continued EC/European Union States: In 2007 total funding of around 4.9 billion Euros and over 25% to Global Fund Bilateral channels account for 3.68 billion Euros 55.4 billion Euros from European Development Fund goes to health in 13 countries (includes HIV) Clinton Health Access Initiative (CHAI) Since 2002, has assisted countries in implementing large-scale, integrated care, treatment and prevention
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Responding to AIDS - Responding to the AIDS Crisis McGill...

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