The Science in Social Science

The Science in Social Science - The Science in Social...

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The Science in Social Science 12/10/2010 14:00:00 Two Styles of Research Quantitative: uses numbers and statistical methods and tends to be based on  numerical measurements of specific aspects of phenomena. It seeks  measurements and analyses that are easily replicable Qualitative: covers a wide range of approaches, but none of them rely on  numerical measurements. Tends to focus on one or a small number of cases,  to use intensive interviews or depth analysis of historical materials, to be  discursive in method, and to be concerned with a rounded or comprehensive  account of some event or unit Defining Scientific Research in the Social Sciences 1. The goal is inference – accumulation of facts alone is not sufficient, we  must be able to derive something out of it. 2. The procedures are public – Scientific research uses explicit, codified and  public methods to generate and analyze data whose reliability can therefore  be assessed. 3. The conclusions are uncertain  4. The content is the method – scientific research adheres to a set of rules of  inference on which its validity depends. The content of “science” is primarily  the methods and rules, not the subject matter. Science and Complexity
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This note was uploaded on 11/23/2010 for the course POLI POLI-311-0 taught by Professor Melaneethomas during the Fall '10 term at McGill.

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The Science in Social Science - The Science in Social...

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