finalreview - History 11B Final Examination Essay Review...

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Unformatted text preview: History 11B Final Examination Essay Review Questions Winter 2008 “The final will be held on Monday, March 17, 3:00 pm - 6:00 pm in 2209A Bunche (our regular classroom). The exam will focus on the readings and lectures from weeks six through ten. The review questions below focus on some of the important themes we have encountered in the course. Use these themes to organize the material in the process ofreviewing your notes and the readings. You flillflauttojind.anumber....of.particular..people,.events,andinstitutions.that...i.]lustrate each-ofi-the themes listed. The format of'the exam will be similar to that of'the midterm It will consist of‘three parts: A) short-answer ID questions; B) one thematic essay question (out of a choice of‘two); C) one essay based on analysis of our primary source readings (out ofa choice of'two) Review questions for Part B" 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) Discuss the dynamics between “alien” and “native Chinese” dynasties over the period from the 11th to the 19th centuries Name the “alien” and “native” dynasties that governed China or parts of'China over this per iod. What were the relative strengths and weaknesses of alien and native political cultures? What were the political, institutional, and cultural consequences ofnon~ Chinese rule over China? Pay particular attention to the impact of‘the Mongols and the Manchus on China. Explain the rise of the Manchus and the establishment ofthe Qing dynasty. What were the cultural and institutional bases of'their power? Which of'these were adopted from the Ming/Chinese imperial system and which were Manchu innovations? How did the Qing dynasty “win over” the Chinese? Evaluate the transformation of'China’s political and intellectual elites from 1750 to 1950.. What were the sources oftheir authority and legitimacy? How did they deploy their power in society? And what were the consequences ofthese various types of power for China’s historical development? Analyze the relationship between state and regional power from 1850 to 1950. Discuss the forces that tended to decentr alize state authority and the efforts made to recapture it during this hundred- year period. Pay particular attention to the role of'centr a1 governments (imperial and republican), local elites, and military organizations, and domestic and foreign actors in this changing dynamic. Identily the significance of the following dates in Qing relations with the outside world: 1 793, 1839-42, 1894-95, and 1900-1901. What sorts of'changes took place in Sino-f'oreign relations between the late 18th century and the l9005? What were the legacies or repercussions of" Sind- foreign dynamics in the first half'of'the twentieth century? Discuss the circumstances in which the concept of “Chinese learning as essence; Western learning for practicai application” (ti/yang) emerged How did this concept develop at the end of' the 19th century (after the Self-Strengthening Movement) and into the 20th century? In answering this question, identify some of'the major thinkers and political actors associated with these trends Is this still an issue in present—day China? Explain. 7) 1911, 1919, and 1949 are all considered seminal dates in modern Chinese history. Briefly describe the major events associated with these years. Which of‘these represents the most fundamental break with the past and why? What, ifany, are the connections between these events? Which of'the events associated with these dates had the most lasting impact on modern China? Are there other dates you would add to this list of’important moments between 1900 and 1950? Defend your choice(s) 8) Discuss the changing nature ofwornen's status from the seventeenth century to circa 1950,. How was this related to larger political, social, economic, and cultural trends? Did such trends impact _al..l__\1t_omen_in_the_same_ways?._....Ihink abouthow such changes.intersectedwith class hierarchies .. .. .. __ _. _ ..__ and urban/rural differences Explain 9) Analyze the emergence of'nationalism and iconoclasm in 19th- and 20th~century China, What internal and external forces played a role in the development of these sentiments? Enumerate the various ways in which Chinese nationalism and iconoclasm were expressed during this period How are these intellectual currents and social movements related to China’s struggle to modernize? Between nationalism and iconoclasm, which had the greater impact on the political and cultural transformation of‘modern China? Explain 10) Discuss the origins and developments ofboth the Guomindang (Nationalist) and Communist Parties How did the experiences of'the First United Front, the Nanjing Decade, and the Second United Front influence the growth and structure of'the two parties? What were the relative strengths and weaknesses of the Chinese Nationalists and the Chinese Communists on the eve of the Second Sino-Japanese War of 1937-45? What were their relative strengths and weaknesses at the end of‘the war? How do you account for these changes? Review questions for Part C. Note. these are the actual questions that will appear on the final. You will get a choice of'two questions, but be prepared to answer all four listed below. 1) Based on a reading onhu Yuanzhang’s “Placard ofPeopie’s Instructions,” Kangxi’s “Sacred Edict” (and its amplifications by Yongzheng), and the documents on the New Life Movement (wk 9), analyze the changing concerns of the state in Ming, Qing, and Republican China, What, if anything, has changed in the intent and ability of the state to shape order and values in local society? From reading these documents, which state(s), if any, seem modern, and why? 2) Compare the hortatory instructions in Kangxi’s “Sacred Edict” (and its amplifications) with the Taiping Ten Commandments and religious verses (wk 8). To what extent does Iaiping ideology represent a radically new beliefsystem? 10 what extent do the laipings resemble earlier (or later) popular religious protest and activism? Based on these documents and other readings for the course, why do you think the Chinese elites (such as Zeng Guofan) sided with the Qing state against the Taipings? 3) Based on a close reading ofone of‘Lu Xun’s short stories (your choice), analyze the ways in which it addresses the various New Culture/May Fourth Movement critiques of‘the old society 4) Imagine that you are an editor/censor in the cultural propaganda department of‘the Chinese Communist Party circa 1942, Based on the guidelines laid out in Mac Zedong’s “Talks at the Yan’an Conference on Art and Literature,” write a critique of'the 1937 movie “Street Angel” (Mala tianshi). Does this represent good socialist art? Why or why not? What elements of'the movie can be condoned, or even applauded, and what should be condemned? Supply your reasoning for your assertions ID Question Terms (Part A of the exam) Aisin Gioro Allied Powers (1900-1901) Bondservants Boxer Protocol Boxer Uprising British East India Company .. ___ChenD_uxiu__._ Chinese communiéé . . _. ._ “cutting up the melon” (guofen) Dorgon “Down with Confucius & sons” Eight Banners (bannermen) Eighth Route Army Empress Dowager Cixi extraterr itoriality February 28‘h Incident, 1947 First Sino-Japanese War First United Front Good Works to Exhort the Age Grand Council Guomingdang (Nationalist Party) Heshen Hong Chengchou Hong Taiji Hong Xiuquan Hu Shi Huang Dinghui Hunan Provincial Army Hundred Days’ Reforms Tiang Iieshi (Chiang Kai-shek) Jiangxi Soviet, .Iinggang Mountains Kang Youwei Kangxi Emperor Kangxi’s “Sacred Edict” kaozheng (evidential scholarship) Kong Yiji Li Dazhao Li Hongzhang Li Zicheng Liang Fa Liang Qichao lr'j'r'n Lin Zexu Lu Xun Macartney Mission Manchurian Incident, 1931 Manchus Mao Zedong (listed alphabetically) May Fourth Movement mufu (tent government) muyou (tent gov’t private secretaries) Nanjing Decade Neo-Confucianism (lixue/daoxue) New Culture Movement . _. __ .. .. New Fourth Army New Youth‘journal (Xin qi'ngni‘an) Northern Expedition Nurhaci Opium Wars (1839—42 & 1858-60) palace (secret) memorial system Qianlong Emperor Qiu Jin Revolutionary Alliance (Tongmenghui) Second Sim-Japanese War Second United Front Self-Strengthening Movement Six Records ofa Floating Life Sun Yatsen Taiping War The Complete Writings ofthe Four Treasuries The Long March The Treaty of'Nanjing The Three F eudatories Three People’s Principles ti/yong Tongzhi Restoration Treaty of Shimonoseki Treaty of Tianjin treaty ports Twenty-one Demands (1915) Wang Tingwei Whampoa Military Academy White Lotus Rebeliion, 1796-1804 Wu Sangui Xi’an Incident, i936 Xinhai Revolution (1911 Revolution) Yan’an Yanhua, “Opium Talk” Yongzheng Emperor Yuan Shikai Zeng Guofan Zhang Zhidong Zheng Chenggong Zongli Yamen ...
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This note was uploaded on 04/03/2008 for the course HIST 11B taught by Professor Goldman during the Spring '08 term at UCLA.

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finalreview - History 11B Final Examination Essay Review...

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