SYG 2000: Lecture 5. Chapter 2: SubculturesI. Values: standards that define what is desirable/undesirable, good/bad, beautiful/uglyA. norms: expectations or rules of behavior that develop to reflect/enforce valuesB. sanctions: expression of approval/disapproval given for upholding/violating normsC. moral holidays: when norms are loosened (e.g., Mardi Gras) permits nudity/drunk1. safety valve: allows release of deviance—e.g. spring break in Florida/MexicoD. moral holiday places: eg. red light districts, Party Cove (Ozarks) norms expect brokeE. folkways: norms that not strictly enforced (shrug shoulders); eg pass left on sidewalkF Mores:norms strictly enforced since thought essential to core values/well-being group1. example: man walk in street w/ upper ½ naked (folkway) vs lower ½ (more)2. strictly enforced rule (more): cover genitals/buttocks in publicG. Taboo: norm so strong,even thought of violation create revulsion; unfit to live in soc1. examples: have sex w/ parents, eat human flesh; sanctions—prison, death, banishII. Subculture: values/behaviors of group distinguishing its members from larger culture
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sex w/ parents, values B. sanctions, Subcultures I. Values