SYG 2000: Lecture 22. Chapter 8: Gender, Biology, and InequalityI. Gender dif: behaviors/attitudes consider proper males/females; social, not, biological charA. why men >aggress than fem?: XY=men, XX=fem chromosome?/wld diversity suggests soc1. Cynthia Fuchs Epstein (’86,’88,’89): tot soc: anthro record show earl soc, >= than thought a. activities: both fem/male hunt sm game/made tools/gath food; hunt/gath soc exist w/ = roleb. rising crime rates around world for women: indicate soc factors influence aggressionB. fem>prep parent? Alice Rossi ’77,’84: fem >sensitive infant’s soft skin/nonverb communicC. example of Brenda: penis burned off 7 mo old 1963; parents give sex-change 22 mo old 1. 4 yrs:give dress/no like dirty—imitate mom/ident twin broth can’t wash face—imitate dad2. later no adapt feminity:no like dolls/urinate stand up/like tumble games/14expel beat up fem3. age 25: married fem & adopted her children/ opens door to biological explanationD. research find men >testosterone tend >aggressive: eg rowdy frat v. frat w/ acad success (’66)
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earl soc, aggression B. fem, fem no= access, married fem