Study Guide for GCOM 123 Ch. 2-7 &10

Study Guide for GCOM 123 Ch. 2-7 &10 - Chapter 2...

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Chapter 2: Perception of Self and Others 1) Define the perceptual process. a) Perception is the process of: o Selecting o Organizing(must organize selected stimuli to create meaning) o Interpreting Data from our senses. 2) What is a perceptual schema (prototype, stereotype, and script)? a) Organizing: Creating Schemas- mental frameworks that create meaningful patterns from stimuli. o We must organize selected stimuli to create meaning. Schemas organize perpetual stimuli b) Humans Categorize persons, places, events, object ect. Categorizing helps us make sense of our world. Three ways: o Prototypes: Best Case – is a representative or best example of something. We have prototypes of “Boss from Hell” a “Best Friend” an “ideal relationship” a “great movie” (1) (Ex) If one person’s prototype of an ideal date is attending a ballgame and eating hotdogs and the other person’s prototype is dressing elegantly and five star restaurant – not work out o Stereotypes : Generalizing About Groups- generalization about a group of people. (1) Organize individuals according to categories – gender, ethnic origin, body type o Scripts: Predictable Behavior – predictable sequence of events that indicated what we are expected to do in a given situation (1) allow us to think without having to think carefully, the more predicted the sequence of events is, the more scripted it is. (2) Ex – when I waiter hands you a menu, you don’t say “what is this” you already know 3) How is self-concept developed (reflected appraisal, significant others, and society)? a) Perception of Self o Self Concept - sum total of everything that encompasses the self–referential term “me” It is your identity or how you perceive yourself (a) $$ is also a central point of reference for your communication with others (2) Influences of Others: You Are What We Say You Are (3) Perceptual Distortion: Body Image o Self Esteem – evaluative element for self perception (1) Reflected Appraisal – messages you receive from others that assess yourself concept (a) Ex: if your parents always tell you you are a failure, feeling good about yourself is challenging (2) Social Comparison – evaluating yourself by comparing yourself to other people (a) Ex - when we are in the presence of someone we perceive to be impressive or superior, our self worth tends to diminish (3) Contingencies of self worth – what is perceived as most important to you in order to feel good about yourself. (make good grades, have high morals, physically attractive) 1
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4) What are some of the influences on perception (gender, culture, past experiences, mood, and context)? 5) What is self-disclosure? a) Once you have formulated your self-concept and sense of self esteem, you can communicate this perception of self to others by self disclosing to them. This creates an impression others have of who you are. o
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This note was uploaded on 11/23/2010 for the course GCOM GCOM123 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '10 term at James Madison University.

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Study Guide for GCOM 123 Ch. 2-7 &10 - Chapter 2...

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