Study Guide for GCOM 123 Ch. 2-7 &10

Study Guide for GCOM 123 Ch. 2-7 &10 - Chapter 2...

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Chapter 2: Perception of Self and Others 1) Define the perceptual process. a) Perception is the process of: o Selecting o Organizing(must organize selected stimuli to create meaning) o Interpreting Data from our senses. 2) What is a perceptual schema (prototype, stereotype, and script)? a) Organizing: Creating Schemas- mental frameworks that create meaningful patterns from stimuli. o We must organize selected stimuli to create meaning. Schemas organize perpetual stimuli b) Humans Categorize persons, places, events, object ect. Categorizing helps us make sense of our world. Three ways: o Prototypes: Best Case – is a representative or best example of something. We have prototypes of “Boss from Hell” a “Best Friend” an “ideal relationship” a “great movie” (1) (Ex) If one person’s prototype of an ideal date is attending a ballgame and eating hotdogs and the other person’s prototype is dressing elegantly and five star restaurant – not work out o Stereotypes : Generalizing About Groups- generalization about a group of people. (1) Organize individuals according to categories – gender, ethnic origin, body type o Scripts: Predictable Behavior – predictable sequence of events that indicated what we are expected to do in a given situation (1) allow us to think without having to think carefully, the more predicted the sequence of events is, the more scripted it is. (2) Ex – when I waiter hands you a menu, you don’t say “what is this” you already know 3) How is self-concept developed (reflected appraisal, significant others, and society)? a) Perception of Self o Self Concept - sum total of everything that encompasses the self–referential term “me” It is your identity or how you perceive yourself (a) $$ is also a central point of reference for your communication with others (2) Influences of Others: You Are What We Say You Are (3) Perceptual Distortion: Body Image o Self Esteem – evaluative element for self perception (1) Reflected Appraisal – messages you receive from others that assess yourself concept (a) Ex: if your parents always tell you you are a failure, feeling good about yourself is challenging (2) Social Comparison – evaluating yourself by comparing yourself to other people (a) Ex - when we are in the presence of someone we perceive to be impressive or superior, our self worth tends to diminish (3) Contingencies of self worth what is perceived as most important to you in order to feel good about yourself. (make good grades, have high morals, physically attractive) 1
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4) What are some of the influences on perception (gender, culture, past experiences, mood, and context)? 5) What is self-disclosure? a) Once you have formulated your self-concept and sense of self esteem, you can communicate this perception of self to others by self disclosing to them. This creates an impression others have of who you are.
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