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FMSC381 Exam 1 Study Guide

FMSC381 Exam 1 Study Guide - FMSC381 Exam 1 Study Guide...

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FMSC381 Exam 1 Study Guide Readings Seccombe: 9a. The important “hidden” fact about poverty: Most families are poor because of structural conditions, not because of their own laziness or lack of motivation. first theme: poverty is a structural problem, not merely a personal one. o -C. Wright Mills stressed the importance of understanding the relationship between individuals and the society in which they live. o -problems (poverty, unemployment, work/family stress, inadequate childcare) are rooted in the institutional arrangements of society. (In our social structure, social institutions, economic system, etc.) They are also rooted in our social positions and the accompanying roles such as sex and race. Since this is the case, the solutions to poverty are ALSO largely structural in nature . The solutions that amend our social institutions and social statuses are those with the largest impact. **Examine the social factors. 9b. Extreme poverty is defined as: living below one-half of the poverty level. Poverty guidelines are a simplified version of the federal poverty threshold. They are used for administrative purposes like determining financial eligibility for certain federal programs. They are issued yearly and are calculated differently thank the poverty thresholds so they usually end up being slightly higher than the thresholds . The department for health and human services calculates guidelines, and thresholds are determined by the social security administration. Because of this, although a threshold is established, programs that serve the poor establish this guideline to help assist more people. There are MANY criticisms of both of these two things o starting with region. The price of real estate varies dramatically between New York to California to Alabama, etc., and it isn’t fair that the same family of four living in a low real estate region gets the same threshold as a family for whom real estate is far more expensive. o prices of nonfood items are constantly increasing, thus putting a huge dent in the overall budget o threshold hardly factors in any childcare, now that many mothers must work, and are often single mothers o Another criticism is that the food budget was designed strictly for temporary and emergency means, so this really is not an effective strategy towards getting families out of poverty o certain policies don’t take all factors into account, so it’s not “across the board” whether all families in poverty are receiving reduces in the tax burden taken out of their wages or not.Because of this, the line might be vastly under or overestimating the amount of people actually in poverty. This argument is heavily disagreed upon.
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9c. Americans have historically viewed the poor as responsible for their own economic state, and the poor have been held largely for their own economic quandary. Sometimes it was seen as worthy poor and unworthy poor.
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