Study Guide 2

Study Guide 2 - FMSC 381 STUDY GUIDE 2 Lectures...

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FMSC 381 STUDY GUIDE 2 Lectures   LECTURE 1 – Welfare and History Public goods o Education o Jobs o Health care o Housing English Poor Laws o To minimize number of “shiftless vagrants” (lives on the streets) o To maintain productive workforce for employment in changing economy Principles of English poor laws o Social welfare is public responsibility o Poor is labeled as worthy or unworthy  o Indoor (in workplace) and outdoor (in home) relief o Principle of less eligibility conditions inside the workhouse must be worse than the worst job outside of the workhouse in order to get relief, person had to be suffering extremely in order to qualify for poor relief o Principle of wage (supplementation) Any assistance given to these people must be lower than they would be making by the minimum wage Approaches to social welfare o Residual (“leftover”) Approach Temporary and stigmatized safety net, viewed as negative Targeted/means tested services Help provided when need is not met by other institutions (churches, family, etc) Poor is incompetent, second-class citizens, and provides second class services o Institutional approach First line defense of modern industrialized society Normal and accepted as way of fulfilling social needs Social welfare as right of citizenship Universal services Recognizes the need for variety of social services to maintain good standard of living Social problems rooted in social structure plan social change Four eras of social welfare o Progressive Era (1890-1930) Themes: Poverty as environmental Development of social work as field Seeds of welfare state Worker’s compensation
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Employer liability Pensions for widows o The New Deal (1930-1960) Themes: Government assistance required Reforms to address poverty Social security Works progress administration agency, extended relief programs to the needy, provided jobs and income to the unemployed during great depression Civilian conservation corps work relief program for unemployed men Bank reform o The War on Poverty (1960-1980) Themes: Need to intervene in “the Other America” Policies Economic opportunity Act promoted health, education, and general welfare of the poor Head Start promotes school readiness Job Corps Food stamps o The Ownership Society (1980-2007) Themes: Expand personal responsibility , shrink federal programs Policies Reagan cuts Welfare reform Homeland security protects US from internal and external threats o The Next New Deal (2008-present) Themes: government assistance, support for families communities Policies Health care and education Infrastructure and job creation Wall street bailout LECTURE 2 - Childhood Maryland compared to other states with regard to well-being of children o Best in nation Early prenatal care
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Study Guide 2 - FMSC 381 STUDY GUIDE 2 Lectures...

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