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FMSC381 STUDY GUIDE FINAL EXAM

FMSC381 STUDY GUIDE FINAL EXAM - LECTURES Lecture1:...

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FMSC381 STUDY GUIDE FINAL EXAM LECTURES Lecture 1: Teen Pregnancy and Mothering 3 Modules Module one:  toolbox of concepts Module two:  key public goods (education, jobs, housing, health) Module three:  safety net for families at-risk Causes of Teen Pregnancy: Inherited disadvantage: poor, rural disadvantaged minority families Discouragement: not doing well in school, lower abilities and expectations,  **perception of limited life options (nothing else to lose, might as well start a  family, low self-esteem) Not welfare receipt Consequences of teen mothers (as they reach their late 20s ) ** Poorer health, low birth weight babies, stillborn and newborn deaths By late 20s: less likely to finish HS, more likely to use welfare, more likely to  divorce or never marry SES as a Factor: 60% of poor/low income vs. 75% of higher income teens use contraception Higher income uses more successfully, preg more common against low income,  70% of high income teens who get preg have abortions Prevention Teen pregnancy prevention programs for Latino youth Comprehensive approach o Sex ed, access to contraceptives, and reproductive healthcare, youth  development (expanding life skills and options, changing attitudes and  adult behavior) Social Policies: Promote young women’s health, change declining rates of marriage, support  youth development, move young families out of poverty, provide better education Feminization of Poverty** Increase between 1950-1970, peak for whites in 1970, for blacks in 1980 2005: Slow decrease in sex poverty ratio 2/3 adults in poverty are women, gap b/t males & females is shrinking Less than 20% of all families are female-headed, BUT  ½  of all families in poverty  are female-headed Why?  1. Changes in Families:  Delay in age of first marriage, rise in divorce, increase  in children born outside marriage (ie: female headed households), increase in  “non-family” households (esp. for young adults & elderly), increase in life  expectancy 2. Changes in Economy:  women’s labor force participation increases, (esp. for  married women and mothers, low paying jobs), gaps in earnings is decreasing,  men’s earnings have stagnated (declined) 3. Changes in Public Benefits:  TANF for younger women, social security for 
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older women **Means-tested program:   provides benefits to those whose income and financial  resources meet certain requirements, determines eligibility  Partnering relationships: Fewer men with jobs, limited marriagability pool o **Marriageability Pool:  eligible men available to marry and support  mother and child
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