FMSC381 POLICY ANALYSIS

FMSC381 POLICY ANALYSIS - :TheSecondChanceAct AmandaFachler...

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Poverty Policy Analysis: The Second Chance Act Amanda Fachler FMSC381 Due:  December 8th, 2009 I pledge on my honor that I have not given or received any unauthorized  assistance on this assignment. AF
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A Policy Analysis of The Second Chance Act: Allowing Ex-Offenders to Earn a Second Chance As inequities increase in our country where “all men are created equal”, the government is continuously creating new policies to assist these people on the side of disparity. In efforts to reduce increasing rates of recidivism, or released prisoners returning back to incarceration, George Bush signed the Second Chance Act into law. The Second Chance Act is one of the new a policies created as one of the many policies the United States government has now enacted in order to alleviate the burdens of poverty and inequality. This federal legislation is the first of it’s kind, and is geared towards assimilating past criminals back into society. I. Overview Signed on April 9 th , 2008, the Second Chance Act authorizes federal grants to government agencies and nonprofit organizations to provide employment assistance, substance abuse treatment, housing, family programming, mentoring, victim’s support, mental health services and other benefits that can help reduce recidivism. In the U.S. Justice Center’s announcement of release of this act, Vermont state Senator Leahy asserted "It is vitally important that we do everything we can to ensure that, when people get out of prison, they enter our communities as productive members of society, so we can start to reverse the dangerous cycles of recidivism and violence” (State Governments Justice Center, 2009). As this policy came into act, it was critically important that this be the policy to make a chance in the increasing recidivism rates, as it has been evident that nothing else has. 2
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As the “U.S. Department of Justice: Bureau of Justice Statistics” shows, on average, over two thirds of released prisoners are rearrested within three years, a statistic that is steadily increasing with each year (U.S. Department of Justice, 2008). So far, no programs have been discovered to heavily decrease this number. However, with recidivism rates on the rise, states and governments run the risk of spending more money on keeping their prisoners incarcerated than on other important obligations such as education, welfare assistance, and statewide health and safety initiatives. The policy was created to support the understanding that one of the main reasons why people find themselves back in jail is because it is difficult for the individual to fit back in with ‘normal’ life having little or no government assistance. This policy helps those, mainly nonviolent offenders, who now have to deal with a lifelong stigma of having been incarcerated. By assisting individuals towards assimilating back into society and being given the chance to support their family, again or for the first time, individuals
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FMSC381 POLICY ANALYSIS - :TheSecondChanceAct AmandaFachler...

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