Lec. 5 (1-19-10) - 1 Memory 4 Psych 9B -- PSB 11B 1 Memory...

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Unformatted text preview: 1 Memory 4 Psych 9B -- PSB 11B 1 Memory 4 Finish Misattributions Suggestibility & Bias 2 Psych 9B -- PSB 11B 2 Memory 4 DVD Illustrating Misattributions due to Source Confusion and Binding Errors Part 1 - Illustrates that source confusions can happen even under close to ideal viewing/memory conditions and over fairly short delays Part 2 Memory for events requires binding information stored in various areas of the brain. This binding process can fail Source is one kind of information Part 3 Describes a PET study using the DRM paradigm. Activations in the auditory cortex were found to distinguish true recollections from false alarms This is what happened vs. This is what I remember 3 Psych 9B -- PSB 11B 3 Memory 4 Suggestibility How it Differs from Misattribution Suggestibility in memory refers to an individual's tendency to incorporate misleading information from external sources into personal recollections Suggestibility is closely related to misattribution 4 Psych 9B -- PSB 11B 4 Memory 4 Are you aware of ever having been convinced that you saw something only to learn that your memory came from the questions or comments of friends? A. Yes, on many occasions B. Yes, but only once or twice C. No, never that I am aware of 5 Psych 9B -- PSB 11B 5 Memory 4 No Gun Ri and the Saga of Edward Daily Edward Daily admitted to Associated Press reporters his role in the atrocity at the South Korean hamlet of No Gun Ri, saying he had slaughtered civilians on orders from his commanders and was still haunted by the sound of ''little kids screaming.'' Mr. Daily's confession, his presence at No Gun Ri, and 3 books he wrote all appear to be largely invented or imagined Mr. Daily spent most of the war as a mechanic and clerk behind the front lines 6 Psych 9B -- PSB 11B 6 Memory 4 Seeming Reality of Suggested Memories: The Saga of Edward Daily So embedded is Mr. Daily in the memories of some veterans that they still find it difficult to believe he was not with them at No Gun Ri Said one: I know that Daily was there. I know that. I know that. Another believed for years that Mr. Daily had rescued him on the battlefield -- until a buddy pointed out that he would not have been able to recall anything immediately after being pummeled by a concussion grenade. It now appears that these and many other memories were created in discussions with Mr. Daily and had no basis in reality. 7 Psych 9B -- PSB 11B 7 Memory 4 Suggestibility Examples of Negative Impact Suggestibility is theoretically interesting and worrisome Leading questions and comments during questioning can lead eyewitness to Believe that they have seen things they did not see Forget that they have seen things that they did see Inflate their certainty concerning reported details Suggestive psychotherapeutic procedures may foster the creation of false memories Aggressive interviewing of preschool children can result in distorted memories of alleged abuses by teachers and others 8...
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This note was uploaded on 11/23/2010 for the course SOCIAL SCI 68100 taught by Professor Wright during the Winter '10 term at UC Irvine.

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Lec. 5 (1-19-10) - 1 Memory 4 Psych 9B -- PSB 11B 1 Memory...

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