Lec. 6 (1-21-2010) - 1 Day 1 - Intro Psych 9B -- PSB 11B 1...

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Unformatted text preview: 1 Day 1 - Intro Psych 9B -- PSB 11B 1 Memory 5 1. Persistence 2. Why Memory Problems? 3. First Mid-term 2 Psych 9B -- PSB 11B 2 Day 1 - Intro Stereotype Bias in Memory Stereotypes: generic descriptions of past experiences that we use to categorize people and objects Stereotypes can affect what we recall Stereotypes can affect what is stored in LTM congruity bias e.g., If I tell you Julian, an artist, is creative, temperamental, generous, and fearless You are more likely to recall the first two characteristics, which fit the category artist, than the last two These effects are accentuated when distracted 3 Psych 9B -- PSB 11B 3 Day 1 - Intro Stereotypes can Lead to Embellishment of Memory When events contradict expectations, we may store or recall a version of events in line with our expectations Consider two versions of a story about Bob In both, he wanted to marry his girlfriend, Margie, but did not want children and was anxious about how Margie would react if he told her. A. Margie was thrilled to hear that Bob wished to remain childless because this desire fit well with her career plans B . Margie was horrified because she desperately wanted children Now consider two possible endings: 1. Bob and Margie married 2. Bob and Margie ended their relationship Combinations A1 and B2 make sense; A2 and B1do not 4 Psych 9B -- PSB 11B 4 Day 1 - Intro Recalling the Story of Bob People recalling this story after several weeks Those presented A2 or B1 were more likely to insert or change critical information Than those presented A1 or B2 Intrusion for B1: They separated but realized after discussing the matter that their love mattered more. Intrusion for A2: "There was a hassle with one or the other's parents. 5 Psych 9B -- PSB 11B 5 Day 1 - Intro Consider a study that followed 400 Michigan couples through the first 4 years of marriage. In those couples who expressed growing unhappiness over this period, men mistakenly recalled the beginnings of their marriages as negative even though they said they were happy at the time. This is an example of a _________ bias....
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Lec. 6 (1-21-2010) - 1 Day 1 - Intro Psych 9B -- PSB 11B 1...

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