Lec. 11 (2-11-2010) - 2/8/2010 Psych 9B -- PSB 11B 1...

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Unformatted text preview: 2/8/2010 Psych 9B -- PSB 11B 1 Language 3 Psych 9B -- PSB 11B 1 Language 3 Language development (Finish) Language and other animals Thought without language 2/8/2010 Psych 9B -- PSB 11B 2 Psych 9B -- PSB 11B 2 Language 3 Features Found in All Languages: Universal Grammar (Clip 7) Languages are structured in one of two ways to convey meaning Division of words into those which refer to objects and those which refer to actions A distinction between one and more than one object A way to indicate when actions happened A way to make things negative A way to ask a question 2/8/2010 Psych 9B -- PSB 11B 3 Psych 9B -- PSB 11B 3 Language 3 Human brain is pre-wired to accept only certain kinds of languages Those things that are true of all languages are the candidates for the components of UG Pinker: What children have to pick up is not the fact that languages have rules, but rather the particular versions of the rules the language they are acquiring has, e.g. whether the ordering of words put the verb before the object or the object before the verb. Universal Grammar (UG) is Biologically Deteremined (Clip 8) 2/8/2010 Psych 9B -- PSB 11B 4 Psych 9B -- PSB 11B 4 Language 3 Over-Regularization of the Past Tense (Clip 9) In English regular verbs form the past tense by adding the morpheme ed Some verbs are irregular Initially, children learn the past tense of just a few verbs and they use the correct forms Later, children learn the rule for regular verbs and, initially, try to apply it to all verbs over generalizing Eventually, they sort out the two verb classes 2/8/2010 Psych 9B -- PSB 11B 5 Psych 9B -- PSB 11B 5 Language 3 Regularity of Errors (Clip 10) The errors made by children learning languages are not random Observation/Claim: Children only produce errors that are consistent with UG The errors that children make represent constructions that would be possible in some language, just not their own 2/8/2010 Psych 9B -- PSB 11B 6 Psych 9B -- PSB 11B 6 Language 3 Overall Summary: (Clip 11) Is Language Learned or Innate?...
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This note was uploaded on 11/23/2010 for the course SOCIAL SCI 68100 taught by Professor Wright during the Winter '10 term at UC Irvine.

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Lec. 11 (2-11-2010) - 2/8/2010 Psych 9B -- PSB 11B 1...

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