Lec. 13 (2-23-2010) - 2/22/2010 Cognitive Development 2...

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2/22/2010 Psych 9B -- PSB 11B 1 2/22/2010 Psych 9B -- PSB 11B 1 Cognitive Development 2 Legacy of Piaget Understanding Number
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2/22/2010 Psych 9B -- PSB 11B 2 Psych 9B -- PSB 11B 2 2/22/2010 ± According to Piaget, for infants who have not achieved object permanence, A. a ball’s continued existence is in no way dependent on its being held. B. a ball must be seen in order for it to exist. C. a ball in two different locations is understood to remain the same ball. D. All of the above answers are correct.
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2/22/2010 Psych 9B -- PSB 11B 3 Psych 9B -- PSB 11B 3 2/22/2010 Jean Piaget August 9, 1896 – September 16, 1980 Swiss philosopher, natural scientist and developmental theorist
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2/22/2010 Psych 9B -- PSB 11B 4 Psych 9B -- PSB 11B 4 2/22/2010 ± For Piaget, schemas are A. reflexes that disappear after several weeks. B. isolated units of behavior that are gradually replaced by assimilations. C. isolated units of behavior that are gradually replaced by accommodations. D. organized patterns of behavior.
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2/22/2010 Psych 9B -- PSB 11B 5 Psych 9B -- PSB 11B 5 2/22/2010 Several Key Concepts ± Schemas: action patterns through which an infant organizes the world ± Assimilation: children’s use of schemas to interpret and act on the environment ± Accommodation: changes in schemas which arise as the child gains experience in interacting with the world
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2/22/2010 Psych 9B -- PSB 11B 6 Psych 9B -- PSB 11B 6 2/22/2010 Illustration of Schema, Assimilation, & Accommodation Assimilation Accommodation Assimilation
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2/22/2010 Psych 9B -- PSB 11B 7 Psych 9B -- PSB 11B 7 2/22/2010 ± Piaget’s stages of cognitive development are, in order of increasing age: A. preoperational sensorimotor concrete operations formal operations B. preoperational sensorimotor formal operations concrete operations C. sensorimotor preoperational concrete operations formal operations D. sensorimotor preoperational formal operations concrete operations
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2/22/2010 Psych 9B -- PSB 11B 8 Psych 9B -- PSB 11B 8 2/22/2010 Piaget’s Stages of Cognitive Development Hypotheticals Ability to engage in abstract mental operations 12 yrs and up 4. Formal Operations Arithmetic Deception Ability to perform mental operations but only for representations of concrete concepts. 7 to 11 yrs 3. Concrete Operations Language Conservation Egocentrism Actions and concepts can be represented internally and referred to with words. Little cognitive ability to systematically manipulate representations.
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This note was uploaded on 11/23/2010 for the course SOCIAL SCI 68100 taught by Professor Wright during the Winter '10 term at UC Irvine.

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Lec. 13 (2-23-2010) - 2/22/2010 Cognitive Development 2...

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