Lec. 16 (3-9-2010) - 3/8/2010 Psych 9B -- PSB 11B 1...

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Unformatted text preview: 3/8/2010 Psych 9B -- PSB 11B 1 3/8/2010 Psych 9B -- PSB 11B 1 Social Development 3 Adolescence Sex roles Why parenting is important 3/8/2010 Psych 9B -- PSB 11B 2 Psych 9B -- PSB 11B 2 3/8/2010 The behavior of kids in middle and high school is A. Often risky and irrational B. All and all fairly reasonable C. Generally normal and too boring 3/8/2010 Psych 9B -- PSB 11B 3 Psych 9B -- PSB 11B 3 3/8/2010 Growing Up in America Orientation to the Group Teenagers are not a separate species Why, from the perspective of adults, do teens seem less socialized than younger children, even though they've been undergoing socialization for a longer time? 3/8/2010 Psych 9B -- PSB 11B 4 Psych 9B -- PSB 11B 4 3/8/2010 Growth Patterns of Humans Human children have a peculiar pattern of growth that is not seen in most other mammals. In the hunter-gatherer or tribal society there were but two age groups: children and adults. This worked well because Children evolved to evoke nurturing from adults Adults evolved to nurture children When the only age groups are children and adults, hostility between the groups is dampened by dependence on the one hand and nurturance on the other. 3/8/2010 Psych 9B -- PSB 11B 5 Psych 9B -- PSB 11B 5 3/8/2010 Rites of Passage The problem of distinguishing childhood from adulthood was solved in many cultures by elaborate rites of passage The coming of age of a Yanomam girl is described in a remarkable book Yanoma: The Narrative of a White Girl Kidnapped by Amazonian Indians 3/8/2010 Psych 9B -- PSB 11B 6 Psych 9B -- PSB 11B 6 3/8/2010 Male Rites of Passage Male puberty rites in tribal societies tend to have much in common Several boys are initiated together in a group They are temporarily removed from the society They go through an arduous preparation that usually involves the revelation of secret knowledge and often a great deal of terror and pain They are reintroduced to the society and their new status is acknowledged 3/8/2010 Psych 9B -- PSB 11B 7 Psych 9B -- PSB 11B 7 3/8/2010 Teenagers as a Group In our society, two age groups are no longer enough A person can be as big as an adult but not able to function as an adult We've had to create new social categories to contain such people: e.g. teenagers Teenagers as a separate group have no place in the schemes of evolution as embodied in older cultures between-group hostilities are a result This conflict is like that of warring villages in tribal societies A critical element is the creation of cultural differences and the use of visible markers 3/8/2010 Psych 9B -- PSB 11B 8 Psych 9B -- PSB 11B 8 3/8/2010 High Schools and Neighborhoods Differentiation of adolescents Increased in large, urban high-schools Reduced in homogeneous neighborhoods Problems when teenagers become members of groups with goals and values different from those of their parents 3/8/2010 Psych 9B -- PSB 11B 9 Psych 9B -- PSB 11B 9 3/8/2010...
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Lec. 16 (3-9-2010) - 3/8/2010 Psych 9B -- PSB 11B 1...

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