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6 - • Allows elite groups to claim enlightened and...

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By Antonia Darder and Rodolfo D. Torres
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Race Not just a color of a person’s skin It is an ideology on the lives of all people Racism = powerful, structuring, hegemonic force in the world today Biological races do not exist It is socially and culturally constructed Robert Miles (1960) – race relations Ellen Wood (1995) – contemporary capitalism
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The Idea of “Race” Has no scientific basis, but foregrounds social structure and action; biological races do not exist Example: Greeks, the term “barbarian” – how civilized a people were considered to be (language vs. genetics) Example: “purity of blood”/converses- 15 th -16 th C Spain Religious notion, nationalism, policing of race (Nazis) Carolus Linnaeus- american, asian, african, european
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Racialized Constructions 2000 census – confusion between race & ethnicity Example: “Hispanic” imposed on citizens & res. Aliens unexamined assumption that “race” equals “identity”
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Unformatted text preview: • Allows elite groups to claim enlightened and meritocratic views • Example: Negro problem (race relation) • Race is real because it has been rendered meaningful by the actions and beliefs of the powerful Theorizing Racism Not a result of individual pathology Embedded in project of modernity & capitalist expansion Racism is linked to racialization (ranking/categorizing based on phenotypical traits of cultural signifiers) There is no one genetic form, but multiple, diverse, and historically specific Racism & the Political Economy Race relations – multiculturalism as an effective mechanism rooted in the civil rights, to manage and preserve racialized class divisions Example: South Central area Closely aligned with labor transformations Critical universalism “Meaning of Race” – instead of embracing difference, rather it transcend race & human universality...
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