WEEK+6+-+Child+Sexual+Abuse (1)

WEEK+6+-+Child+Sexual+Abuse (1) - Child Sexual Abuse...

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Child Sexual Abuse Working with children and families. Daniel E. Navarro, PhD, ACSW, LCSW
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What is Child Sexual abuse? Any sexual activity between an adult and a child under 18, or between an older/stronger child and a younger/less powerful child. It includes any sexual touching, fondling, oral-genital contact, or rape of a child by an adult. Engaging the child in sexual talk or exposing the child to pornographic material for the adult’s own sexual arousal. It is not only about sex but about taking advantage of the child’s innocence, trust, and desire to please.
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What is Child Sexual abuse? (Cont.) It ranges from unwanted kissing, exposure, peeping, touching, or fondling to oral sex or penetration. Some behaviors may seem more damaging than others (i.e.: fondling vs. penetration); however, for the victim the real abuse is what the touching meant: manipulation, confusion, deceit, and betrayal. The offender or perpetrator takes advantage of the child’s age, size, intelligence level, etc. with the purpose of becoming sexually aroused .
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Effects of sexual abuse on children Long-lasting emotional pain: confusion, hurt, anger,and helplessness. Sometimes, they blame themselves. They feel that they should have done something to stop the abuse. They may not tell anyone about the abuse. They may deny the abuse to protect the perpetrator or because they feel shame for having “participated.” They may not want to lose the perpetrator’s attention and affection.
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Effects of sexual abuse on children (Cont.) Some children learn that attention leads to abuse, so the may become extremely withdrawn, shy, irritable, and sad. Other children tolerate it because the abuse leads to attention and love. As a result of having learned about sexual pleasure, some children become curious about sex: excessive masturbation/sexual acting-out. Some children feel guilty because the sexual activity felt physically pleasurable.
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Effects of sexual abuse on children (Cont.) Some children look for approval from other adults by trying to be “extra good” to make up for their uncomfortable feelings. Others misbehave so that adults may notice that something is wrong. They may experience: behavior problems, aggression, withdrawal, nightmares, learning difficulties, self blame, low self-esteem, isolation, and feeling “different.” The closer the child is to the offender, the more traumatic the abuse will be.
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Factors affecting the impact of sexual abuse Frequency (how often did it happen?) Duration (for how long did it go on?) Type of physical sexual contact Violence, force, threats, physical pain Age of the child The closeness of the relationship with the offender
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Factors affecting the impact of sexual abuse (Cont.) Events that follow the disclosure, causing double
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WEEK+6+-+Child+Sexual+Abuse (1) - Child Sexual Abuse...

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