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Unformatted text preview: DESIGN PROCEDURE FOR STEEL FRAME STRUCTURES ACCORDING TO BS 5950 2.1 Introduction Structural design is grossly abbreviated name of an operation, which for major projects may involve the knowledge of hundreds of experts from a variety of disciplines. A code of practice may therefore be regarded as a consensus of what is considered acceptable at the time it was written, containing a balance between accepted practice and recent research presented in such a way that the information should be of immediate use to the design engineer. As such, it is regarded more as an aid to design, which includes allowable stress levels, member capacities, design formulae and recommendations for good practice, rather than a manual or textbook on design. Once the decision has been taken to construct a particular building, a suitable structural system must be selected. Attention is then given to the way in which loads are to be resisted. After that, critical loading patterns must be determined to suit the purpose of the building. There is, therefore, a fundamental two-stage process in the design operation. Firstly, the forces acting on the structural members and joints are determined by conducting a structural system analysis, and, secondly, the sizes of various structural II Design Procedure for Steel Frame Structures according to BS 5950 27 members and details of the structural joints are selected by checking against specification member-capacity formulae. Section 2.2 starts with definitions of basic limit-states terminology. Then, determination of loads, load factors, and load combinations are given as requested by the British codes of practice BS 6399. Accordingly, ultimate limit state design documents of structural elements are described. In this, the discussion is extended to cover the strength, stability and serviceability requirements of the British code of practice BS 5950: Part 1. Finally, the chapter ends by describing methods used, in the present study, to represent the charts of the effective length factor of column in sway or non-sway frames in a computer code. 2.2 Limit state concept and partial safety factors Limit state theory includes principles from the elastic and plastic theories and incorporates other relevant factors to give as realistic a basis for design as possible. The following concepts, listed by many authors, among them McCormac (1995), Nethercot (1995), Ambrose (1997), and MacGinley (1997), are central to the limit state theory: 1. account is taken of all separate design conditions that could cause failure or make the structure unfit for its intended use, 2. the design is based on the actual behaviour of materials in structures and the performance of real structures, established by tests and long-term observations, 3. the overall intention is that design is to be based on statistical methods and probability theory and 4. separate partial factors of safety for loads and for materials are specified. Design Procedure for Steel Frame Structures according to BS 5950...
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This note was uploaded on 11/24/2010 for the course STRUCTURAL 1 taught by Professor 2 during the Spring '10 term at Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee.
- Spring '10