Gelvin book outline

Gelvin book outline - Gelvin’s Book Outline Part 1:...

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Unformatted text preview: Gelvin’s Book Outline Part 1: Advent of the Modern Age- Thesis: eighteenth century marked new phase in evolution of world history- Modern history = world economy + nation state o Major influence in the world- Early modern period: sixteenth century through eighteenth century- Redefine middle east o 1 st . Large scale empire: ottoman & safavid o 2 nd . Commercial revolution in Europe o 3 rd . protestant reformation Chapter One: Late Antiquity to New Age- Islamic core area (first 5 conquest): Levant Arabian peninsula, Mesopotamia, Iran- Islam arose out of Late Antiquity era. Setting, battle: o Roman (aka Byzantine) empire (capital = Constantinople) Imperial government; Greek; Orthodox Christian; with variety o Sasanian Empire Similar; w/ Persian ruling class o Result of battle: weakened both side- Islam o Begin in 622A.D. – Muhammad to Mecca o Muhammad’s first community: model for ideal Islamic community. Later community grew o 3 important aspect: Leader after Muhammad, choose caliph Successor of Muhammad divides: • Shi: wanted Muhammad’s son-in-law Ali as leader, believed imam had secret knowledge, next imam designated by the previous. • Sunnis Islam development impacted by “not enough conquerors vs conquered” • Venerable to invasion, political fragmentation Chapter Two: Gunpowder Empires- Military patronag e state – post Turk, Mongols, middle e ast/ characteristics: o Military ruling class owning all resources. Governm ent combined dynastic law, custo ms, and Islamic law o Originally unstable due to large and with division. Made stable by gunpowder. - Ottom an us ed guns first a g ainst Safavid. Sultans ruled- Safavid society: ruled by Shahs. o First leader are warriors-in-chief, then cere monial icons. o Leader recruited Christian child for military and the imperial govern m e nt Chapter Three: Middle East & Modern World System.- Muslim do minated Middle Eastern gunpowder e m pire, but soon faced “crisis of the s evente enth century”. o Faced rebellion, military revolt, a nd disobedient warlords and most importantly “great inflation”, “price revolution” Safavid invaded by north. Cuz expense to raise ar my. And Sultans spent too m uch m on ey on palaces- Possible cause of inflation: o d e mographic a nd population increas e, o stat es too d ep end ed on cash e sp for army and sanctioned too m uch cash; price d eb as e m e nt o Spanish conqu est bringing back lots of precious m et als.- World syste m a n alysis o Access worldwide econo my revolution o System of world empires: Several exist. Ex ottoman Safavid, Habsburg, Chinese Spread by military conquest Independent trade and economy All empires similar (no one is prey) o Changed into modern world economy beginning 1500 Politically still fragmented but has global economy- Later led to division between state more advance and not. - Ottoman and Safavid’s specific role is spice and silk trade. But not major partOttoman and Safavid’s specific role is spice and silk trade....
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This note was uploaded on 11/24/2010 for the course HIST history 9D taught by Professor Gelvin during the Fall '10 term at UCLA.

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Gelvin book outline - Gelvin’s Book Outline Part 1:...

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