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Gelvin book outline

Gelvin book outline - Gelvin's Book Outline Part 1 Advent...

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Gelvin’s Book Outline Part 1: Advent of the Modern Age - Thesis: eighteenth century marked new phase in evolution of world history - Modern history = world economy + nation state o Major influence in the world - Early modern period: sixteenth century through eighteenth century - Redefine middle east o 1 st . Large scale empire: ottoman & safavid o 2 nd . Commercial revolution in Europe o 3 rd . protestant reformation Chapter One: Late Antiquity to New Age - Islamic core area (first 5 conquest): Levant Arabian peninsula, Mesopotamia, Iran - Islam arose out of Late Antiquity era. Setting, battle: o Roman (aka Byzantine) empire (capital = Constantinople) Imperial government; Greek; Orthodox Christian; with variety o Sasanian Empire Similar; w/ Persian ruling class o Result of battle: weakened both side - Islam o Begin in 622A.D. – Muhammad to Mecca o Muhammad’s first community: model for ideal Islamic community. Later community grew o 3 important aspect: Leader after Muhammad, choose caliph Successor of Muhammad divides:
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Shi: wanted Muhammad’s son-in-law Ali as leader, believed imam had secret knowledge, next imam designated by the previous. Sunnis Islam development impacted by “not enough conquerors vs conquered” Venerable to invasion, political fragmentation Chapter Two: Gunpowder Empires - Military patronag e st at e – post Turk, Mongols, middle e ast/ charact eristics: o Military ruling class owning all resources. Governm ent com bined dynastic law, custo m s, and Islamic law o Originally unst able due to large and with division. Made st able by gunpowder. - Ottom an us ed guns first a g ainst Safavid. Sultans ruled - Safavid society: ruled by Shahs. o First leader ar e warriors-in-chief, then cere monial icons. o Leader recruited Christian child for military and the imperial govern m e nt Chapter Three: Middle East & Modern World System. - Muslim do minat ed Middle Eastern gunpowder e m pire, but soon faced “crisis of the s event e enth century”. o Faced rebellion, military revolt, a nd disobedient warlords and m ost importantly “great inflation”, “price revolution” Safavid invaded by north. Cuz expense to raise ar my. And Sultans spent too m uch m on ey on palaces - Possible cause of inflation: o d e mographic a nd population increas e, o st at es too d ep end ed on cash e sp for ar my and sanctioned too m uch cash; price d eb as e m e nt o Spanish conqu est bringing back lots of precious m et als. - World syste m a n alysis o Access worldwide econo my revolution
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o System of world empires: Several exist. Ex ottoman Safavid, Habsburg, Chinese Spread by military conquest Independent trade and economy All empires similar (no one is prey) o Changed into modern world economy beginning 1500  Politically still fragmented but has global economy - Later led to division between state more advance and not.   - Ottoman and Safavid’s specific role is spice and silk trade.  But not major part
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