Inductive VS Deductive Reasoning

# Inductive VS Deductive Reasoning - Inductive Reasoning In...

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Inductive Reasoning  In  inductive reasoning  you begin with  evidence  - facts, statistics, instances, etc., and after studying the  evidence, you arrive at a  conclusion  or  generalization.   For example, suppose that you have a box of chocolate creams all of which are identical in appearance. You bite  into one of the chocolates and find it to be a peppermint cream. You taste a second and find it to be a peppermint,  too. You try a third, which is also peppermint. Now, reasoning inductively, you are about to say, "This box contains  only peppermint creams." Of course, your generalization may be wrong because you have not tasted every piece  of candy in the box. The chances are, however, that you may be right. The more creams you sample, the more  reliable your generalization becomes.  Deductive Reasoning  Inductive reasoning works by assembling evidence and generalizing about it. By using this method, we arrive at  judgments that are probably true. Until the last item of evidence is in, we cannot be entirely true.  Deductive  reasoning , on the other hand, starts out from a  generalization  that is assumed true and by logical steps leads to  conclusion  about a particular  situation deductive argument  can be stated in a three-part form called a  syllogism , defined below:  1. A deductive argument can be stated in a three-part form called a syllogism. The first part is the  generalization that begins the argument. This is called the major premise. The second part states the

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## This note was uploaded on 11/24/2010 for the course ENGLISH sn34 taught by Professor Bonewell during the Fall '10 term at University of Phoenix.

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Inductive VS Deductive Reasoning - Inductive Reasoning In...

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