Lesson 3 - Unit 4 Lesson 3 The Movement of People Lesson...

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Unit 4 Lesson 3 - The Movement of People   Lesson Objective: In this lesson, the student will analyze how the development of communication and  transportation inventions shaped the migration of the American people from rural to urban areas. Movement to the Cities In Britain and the United States in the 19th century many textile factories were built inland along rivers so that  water could be used to power their machinery. After coal-fired steam engines began to replace waterpower, new  factories were built in or near existing cities, where great numbers of workers were available.  These factories  helped spark the rapid growth of cities, particularly in the Northeast and Middle Atlantic States, where most  manufacturing was located. Urbanization  is the social process whereby cities grow and societies become more urban.  ( Urban  means living in  a city, and  rural  means living in the country.) Industrialization and the influx of immigrants helped the United States  become more urbanized.  People living in the cities usually lived within walking distance of work, making the cities  compact and crowded.   The growth of urban centers in the last third of the 1800's was probably the single greatest change in American  society. The majority of newcomers to the cities came from farms looking for jobs. Increased technology in farming  equipment created unemployment among farm workers who came to the cities to find jobs and a better way of life.  The pie graphs below show that the population was increasing, and the types of jobs people held were changing  as well. The growth of cities was also fueled by the arrival of hundreds of thousands of immigrant workers and their families  seeking jobs. Between 1840 and 1860, more than four million immigrants came to the United States.  In 1790, the  largest city in the United States was New York City, with about 33,000 residents, followed by Philadelphia with  28,000. During the 19th century New York City's population multiplied fiftyfold, to 1.5 million, and many other cities  also underwent incredible growth.  Most of these immigrants were from Ireland and Germany.  Irish immigrants were fleeing the potato famine and  tended to be very poor.  They settled in cities, where the men took jobs building canals and railroads, and working 
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This note was uploaded on 11/24/2010 for the course HISTORY eb34 taught by Professor Bonewell during the Winter '10 term at University of Phoenix.

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Lesson 3 - Unit 4 Lesson 3 The Movement of People Lesson...

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