Lesson 1 - Unit 5 Lesson 1 Differences Between the North...

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Unit 5 Lesson 1 - Differences Between the North and South before the Civil War  Lesson Objective:  In this lesson, the student will describe the cultural differences between the North and South  before the Civil War.  By the mid 1800s, economic, cultural and political differences had developed between the North and South. These  sectional differences dated from colonial times and played a role in the Civil War. The North   Many people assume that slavery was an institution peculiar to the South, but slave labor was actually used in the  North until the 1800s. Slavery did not endure in the North for moral and economic reasons. Most people living in North earned a living by farming. However, a cool climate and shorter growing season did not  allow northern farmers to produce labor intensive crops like cotton and tobacco. Immigrants poured into cities in  the northeastern United States, providing a cheap source of labor. Hiring immigrants as farm laborers was cheaper  than buying slaves. Immigrants were also a cheap source of labor for factories in the rapidly industrializing New England region. By the  mid 1700s, the Industrial Revolution started in Great Britain, and soon spread across the Atlantic Ocean. The New  England region was best suited to industrialization because of its available labor pool, and the number of 
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This note was uploaded on 11/24/2010 for the course HISTORY eb34 taught by Professor Bonewell during the Winter '10 term at University of Phoenix.

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Lesson 1 - Unit 5 Lesson 1 Differences Between the North...

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