Lesson 8 - The Civil War Ends
In this lesson, the student will:
identify the key battles and turning points of the war
evaluate how political, military, and diplomatic leadership affected the outcome of the conflict.
compare women's roles in the Union and the Confederacy.
describe the costs of the war in the North and South in terms of human and material elements.
The Civil War Ends
The Civil War changed the lives of Americans socially, economically, and politically. It also brought profound grief
to thousands of families. Grief took on many faces; the death of a father, son, husband or other close relative or
the death of many in a community eliminating farmers, laborers, educators and businessmen. It took on the face of
an empty sleeve or pant leg where an arm or leg had once been. A greater percentage of families were personally
affected by the Civil War than any other war in American History.
Large numbers of prisoners were taken by both sides during the conflict, and prisons during Civil War were brutal
at best. The worst prisoner of war camp was Andersonville, Georgia, where more than twelve thousand men died.
Part of the problem was chronic food shortages in the South, but the primary cause was the camp’s commander,
Captain Henry Wirz
When the camp was captured by Union troops in 1864, they discovered the deplorable
conditions of rampant disease and starvation. Wirz was caught and eventually hanged by the Union army.
A south view of the stockade at Andersonville Prison in Georgia, August 17, 1864. Officially known as Camp
Sumter, Andersonville was the most notorious prison camp of the Civil War. Established in February 1864, by July
Andersonville had almost 32,000 Union soldiers confined in a 16+-acre stockade where they suffered from poor
nutrition, inadequate shelter, a lack of medicines, and bad sanitation. Brady Collection.