Lesson 10 - Unit 5 Lesson 10 - Reconstruction Lesson...

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Unit 5 Lesson 10 - Reconstruction content standards Lesson Objective: In this lesson, the student will: Compare and contrast plans for Reconstruction. Analyze how elected African-American representatives and senators had an effect on the government and laws passed during this period. Describe how Reconstruction ended and how the end of Reconstruction affected segregation laws in the South. The Devastated South The Civil War devastated the South socially, economically and politically. Almost the entire war was fought on Southern soil. Schools were shut down, many churches stopped holding services and local governments disappeared. Bands of former soldiers committed violent acts of rage at losing the war. So many men had died or were crippled in the war that the burden of recovery fell in many cases to women. The South’s multi-billion dollar investment in slaves was gone and the value of land dropped significantly. The South’s banking system was nonexistent and what little industry there had been before the war disappeared. Some Southerners looked back at their losses with despair, but others saw opportunity and worked to build a new South. Northern soldiers occupied the South as conquerors and graft and corruption became a way of life. Slavery had come to an end but were former slaves really free? Their lives had not improved, they had merely changed. When the war ended the nation faced three basic problems: 1. How were the Southern States to be treated and how were they to be readmitted to the Union? 2. Who would have the power to determine the policy by which the South would be reconstructed, the President or Congress? 3. What would become of the almost four million newly freed slaves that had no jobs, land, or skills? Two Reconstruction Plans Lincoln and the Moderate Republicans Lincoln believed that one of the purposes of the war was to show that secession was not possible. He believed that individuals had rebelled -- not states -- and the President had the power to deal with individuals. Lincoln and the moderates wanted a forgiving policy of reconstruction. Therefore, in December of 1863, Lincoln issued the Proclamation of Amnesty and Reconstruction that granted pardons to all Confederates who would swear an oath of allegiance to the Union. A former Confederate State could begin the process of reentering the Union when 10% of those voting in 1860 took an oath to uphold the U.S. Constitution. The state could then send representatives to Congress. Arkansas and Louisiana both took advantage of Lincoln’s plan and in 1865 sent representatives to Washington. However, the Radicals would not allow them to take their seats. The Radical Republicans Congress believed that the Congress, not the President, had the power to establish the nation’s policy for reconstruction. Therefore, Congress passed the Wade-Davis bill, in 1864, which became the Radical Republican plan for reconstruction. The Radicals
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This note was uploaded on 11/24/2010 for the course HISTORY eb34 taught by Professor Bonewell during the Winter '10 term at University of Phoenix.

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Lesson 10 - Unit 5 Lesson 10 - Reconstruction Lesson...

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