Lesson 4 - Unit 6 Lesson 4 Railroads Lesson Objective: In...

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Unit 6 Lesson 4 - Railroads Lesson Objective:  In this lesson, the student will describe the effect of the railroad on the settlement of the West. Transportation Improves Early in the 1800's, the government's role in transportation improvements was in road building and in the  construction of canals. By the 1850's, the government's role in transportation shifted to the railroad. This change  would be instrumental in both the settling of the West and the defeat of the Indians.  The Transcontinental Railroad The transcontinental railroad was at the center of the relationship between government and business. Eventually,  the West became totally dependent on the railroads. Rivers were too shallow for large ships to navigate, and  canals were impossible to build due to the vastness of the area. Stagecoaches and covered wagons were too  small and slow to carry goods from the east to the West and visa versa. Many companies were interested in  constructing the transcontinental railroad but the cost of building was more than any private corporation could  afford. In 1862, during the Civil War, Congress authorized the Central Pacific and the Union Pacific to begin  building. The Central Pacific was to build east from Sacramento, California and the Union Pacific was to build west  from Omaha, Nebraska. The railroads were given government bonds worth millions of dollars and grants of public  lands extending 20 miles on each side of the track. The size of these grants depended on the amount of track laid 
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This note was uploaded on 11/24/2010 for the course HISTORY eb34 taught by Professor Bonewell during the Winter '10 term at University of Phoenix.

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Lesson 4 - Unit 6 Lesson 4 Railroads Lesson Objective: In...

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