Lesson 5 - Unit 6 Lesson 5 Cowboys Lesson Objective: In...

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Unit 6 Lesson 5 - Cowboys Lesson Objective:  In this lesson, the student will describe the effect of ranching on the settling of the West. Ranchers move West At the same time miners were moving into the hills and mountains of the West, ranchers were moving onto the  Great Plains. Like the miners, cattle ranchers began moving into the West before the removal of the Indians so  conflict was inevitable. Cattle ranchers not only came into conflict with the Indians but also sheepherders.  Sheep Ranching Hispanics dominated sheep ranching. Ricos, or wealthy families, owned the flocks of sheep. The head of the family  was called the patron. The larger the flock, the more people were employed. A manager and several overseers  supervised the herders and were also responsible for the sheep being taken to the correct grazing areas. Herders  traveled with the flock every day and were responsible for about a thousand sheep. Their lives were very lonely;  they could go several days following their sheep without seeing another human. On the open range sheep and cattle ranchers were in competition for the same land. Cattle ranchers complained  that sheep ate the grasses down too close to the ground leaving little for the cattle. This usually happened only in  areas where both animals had overgrazed a particular area. Cowboys also looked down on the sheepherder who  was usually unarmed and on foot. When violence broke out they could easily destroy the docile sheep by running  them to death or by driving them over cliffs. However, when great amounts of sheep died it was usually not caused  by cowboys, but by nature itself. There were severe loses from disease and blizzards. Sheep ranching was so profitable that several cattle ranchers switched to sheep. The railroad also helped sheep  ranchers gain more profits when they moved into the area. Railroads could take sheep to market more quickly than  driving them. By the end of the 19th century ranchers in Wyoming, Montana and Texas were raising more sheep  than cattle. Cattle Ranching
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This note was uploaded on 11/24/2010 for the course HISTORY eb34 taught by Professor Bonewell during the Winter '10 term at University of Phoenix.

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Lesson 5 - Unit 6 Lesson 5 Cowboys Lesson Objective: In...

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