Hour Quiz 1.docx - Sample Questions u2013 HOUR QUIZ 1 1...

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Sample Questions – HOUR QUIZ 1 1. Louis XIV supposedly said, “L’Etat c’est moi” (I am the State), which emphasizes the fact that absolutism as a form of government is very much a personal government and reflects not only the power but the distinctive personality of the monarch. Explain how this is the case in three of the following rulers in establishing their power: Louis XIV, Fredrick the Great, Peter the Great, Catherine the Great, or Maria-Theresa. Louis XIV supposedly said “I am the State” and this quote truly reflects him as a monarch. Louis believed he had divine rights as king to have absolute rule over his kingdom. He created a monarchy that was an unchallenged center of political power. Because of his belief in divine right, Louis ruled without consulting a representative assembly and made laws and appointments directly. He even named himself as “Sun King” to represent being the center of society. He drew this name from his performance in a ballet as the sun. He wanted to ensure his absolute rule by limiting the powers of others. He kept the nobles close to him at all times and had them living with him in Versailles. He also chose middle class or bourgeoisie people to be officials because they were less likely to use their positions to gain power. Another way Louis stopped others from gaining power was by reassigning land intendants periodically to ensure they did not get comfortable on their land and attempt to take over this area. Louis XIV was a strong example of absolute monarchy through his self-centered personality and drive for absolute power. Peter the Great’s absolute monarchy was highly influenced by Western society. He brought in Western technicians and advisors to Russia and instituted government protection for new industries and commercial enterprises. Peter attacked the church’s wealth and replaced the Patriarch of Moscow while military reform was his top priority. He even rebuilt the capital on the shores of the Baltic at what is now called St Petersburg. The new capital imitated the contemporary Baroque building style of Western Europe. By the end of Peter’s rule, taxes had escalated and tens of thousands had died in his wars and in the building of St. Petersburg. Peter the Great ruled Russia in a unique way that exemplified his absolute power and modeled Western society.

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