Lecture2 - Adaptation Culture and Biology-Adaptation to...

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Adaptation: Culture and Biology -Adaptation to high altitude cultural: oxygen bottles physical (genetic): larger chests physical (long term) more efficient respiratory system “Culture is one of the two or three most complicated words in the English Language” -Raymond Williams Common uses of the word culture: -art, music, dance, lectures, etc. “keeping your children and pets out of the gardens is a sign of culture” “what is lacking is a culture of traffic” History of Concept -Early english meaning: “cultivation” -for people, education -”Civilization” independent process of human development -social evolution -”civilization” or “culture” a finished product “Folk” Cultures Johan Gottfried Herder -Nations (volk) based on culture -Traditions and languge -Attacked concept of civilization as the universal endpoint of human progress Anthropological uses of the term: E.B. Tyler definition (1871) -”knowledge, belief, arts, morals, law, custom. ..” Boas (1900)
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Lecture2 - Adaptation Culture and Biology-Adaptation to...

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