Lecture 5 - -Horticulture ← non-intensive ← slash and...

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Lecture 5 How do people live? -foraging -cultivation -horticulture -agriculture -pastoralism FORAGING -gathering and hunting -original human adaptive strategy -mostly seeds, nuts, plants, small animals -not much big game -environment -mobility: geographical and social -gender -no “untouched” foragers -Egalitarian: little stratification Pristine -not isolated, not ancient 1965 80% were herders, farmers or workers “Survival” or “Affluence” -early anthropologists saw foragers as living on “edge of survival” -unlimited wants, limited goods -Marshall Sahling: “original affluent society” limited wants, well adapted Cultivation
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Unformatted text preview: -Horticulture ← non-intensive ← slash and burn ← mobile ← Agriculture ← intensive ← animals ← irrigation ←-intensive in capital, labor, technology ←-shared infrastructure ←-sedentarism ←-increased yields: surplus ←-peasantries ← ← Pastoralism ←-domesticated animals ←-cattle, sheep, goats, llamas ←-meat, milk, blood, wool, labor, manure ←-Nomadism and Transhumance (moving animals) ←-commonly combined with cultivation ← ← Markets, redistribution, reciprocity ←-Markets: define modern, capitalist society ←-redistribution: by a central governor ← complex hierarchal societies ← tribute, taxes ←-Reciprocity: sharing...
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This note was uploaded on 11/25/2010 for the course ANTH ANTH 2 taught by Professor Walsh during the Spring '08 term at UCSB.

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Lecture 5 - -Horticulture ← non-intensive ← slash and...

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