The changing face of peace operations

The changing face of peace operations - The changing face...

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The changing face of peace operations Canada's role in peace operations has become dramatically more complex since the end of the Cold War, because of: New missions - The Cold War's end signalled a new era of international co-operation at the United Nations. In the five years ending in 1996, the UN set up 24 new peacekeeping missions - six more than the total for the previous 43 years. UN peacekeeping hit an all-time high in late 2006, with more than 80,000 peacekeepers serving on 18 different missions. New conflicts within states - Traditional peacekeeping took place between states, monitoring peace treaties to which all parties had agreed, and patrolling contested borders. Lately, more conflicts have been internal. Their sides are 'non-state actors', not governments. They are harder to define, making it harder to identify who should participate in peace negotiations. Also, there is often no clear area of conflict - fighting is spread through a country's entire territory. In these cases, the international community is asked to create basic structures for peace and security, and take on responsibilities that used to be internal affairs of the state. New actors: Conflict resolution is no longer the exclusive job of the UN. Regional organisations such as NATO, the Organisation for Security and Co-operation in Europe, and the Organisation for African Unity are also involved. In addition, a wide range of other civil and NGO organisations plays key roles in peace operations. New skills - Because we now face more complex crises, we've begun to send people with a greater mix of skills. Military personnel now work with police and other experts to return conflict societies to security. These experts may include regional and municipal administrators; judges and prosecutors to develop judiciaries and run courts; media, health, tax and social policy advisors; child protection experts; facilitators and mediators; and even people to manage basic services such as sewage treatment plants or railways. Canadian peacekeeping policy is evolving in new directions to meet changing conditions. This site explains how Canada has responded to these challenges to carry out today's peace operations. Over the past 50 years, Canada's role in complex, integrated peace operations has evolved to meet new international challenges. Our steady activity in United Nations peace missions increasingly has expanded into regional or coalition missions mandated by the UN. Now, we support and participate in peace operations led by the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) , the European Union (EU) and the African Union (AU) . Canada's part in such peace operations helps bring security, stability and support to highly volatile situations, and helps to lay the ground for reconstruction and development. 'Peace operations' is a simple label for a huge range of connected military, diplomatic and humanitarian tasks, as diverse as reforming justice and security systems, disarming and
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This note was uploaded on 11/26/2010 for the course CNS 196 taught by Professor James during the Fall '10 term at Seneca.

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The changing face of peace operations - The changing face...

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