Reflection 4 Autonomy

Reflection 4 Autonomy - B anafsheh Sharif-Askary Pubpol 155...

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Banafsheh Sharif-Askary Pubpol 155 October 25, 2010 Reflection #4: Is there such thing as autonomy? Though it has manifested through the years to take on new roles, the concept of autonomy is in no way a novel. Some of history’s greatest philosophers believed that each human being is special because they are able to make reasoned judgments and decisions, thus exhibiting some level of personal responsibility or autonomy . A German philosopher Immanuel Kant forwarded one of the most interesting theories of autonomy. Kant believed that each person demonstrated their autonomy by making choices in line with their moral duty. To Kant this autonomy gave each human being a sense of self which was established by moral goodness. Kant wanted to universalize some idea of autonomy and to do so he tried to base his ideas on some universal concept such as personhood. Kant and other philosopher’s discussion of autonomy spread the concept and very quickly it became a more common ideology. Now the concept is very pertinent to many societies throughout the world, some however, more than others. For the countries in which autonomy has become a fundamental aspect of the social, legal and political systems, the concept is very real and relevant in the way people lead their lives; including their health care decisions. However, many challenges arise to a true sense of autonomy in the world of global health. The concept of autonomy is rather universal when we look at contemporary international law as a standard of evaluation. We must first evaluate the saturation of power in the major forums of international law (UN, ICC, etc. .) The major powers in the world of international law tend to be Western countries, which respect a concept of autonomy inherently and therefore transfuse these ideas into the international
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law. Three (United Kingdom, USA, France) of the permanent members of the UN
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Reflection 4 Autonomy - B anafsheh Sharif-Askary Pubpol 155...

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