ebook - Chapter 14 400 409 1 All of the following are...

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Chapter 14: 400 – 409 1. All of the following are related to deindividuation except hearing someone explicitly call your name and express recognition of you. Related to deindividuation: doing something as part of a large group, losing your sense of personal responsibility while taking part in a group activity, wearing a disguise while taking part in a group activity. 2. A difference between conformity and obedience is that conformity does not involve an explicit command from others. 3. Social contagion is behavior that imitates others' actions, thoughts, or emotions. 4. Serena is serving on a jury in a driving-under-the-influence case. When she first enters the jury room with the other jurors, she is pretty sure the suspect is not guilty. During deliberations, one juror points out that in his testimony, the suspect made inconsistent remarks, first saying that he'd had only one beer and later mentioning that he'd drunk whiskey that night. Serena had completely missed those details. When the jury votes, Serena finds the suspect guilty. What explains Serena's change of heart? informational social influence Intergroup Relations Group Identity: Us Versus Them Social identity refers to the way we define ourselves in terms of our group membership. In contrast to personal identity, which can be highly individualized, social identity assumes some commonalities with others. A person's social identity might include identifying with a religious group, a country, a social organization, a political party, and many other groups. Social psychologist Kay Deaux (2001) identified five distinct types of social identity: ethnicity and religion, political affiliation, vocations and avocations, personal relationships, and stigmatized groups . Types of Identity When we identify ourselves, we draw on a host of different characteristics associated with the various social groups to which we belong. Page 401 social identity theory - The view that our social identities are a crucial part of our self- image and a valuable source of positive feelings about ourselves. For many people, ethnic identity and religious identity are central to their social identity. Ethnic identity can be a source of pride for individuals. In the United States, special events celebrate the rich cultural contributions of many different groups to the society. Such experiences may provide individuals with an important resource in coping with biases they may encounter in life. Feeling connected to one's ethnic group may buffer
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individuals from the stressful effects of injustice (Sellers & Shelton, 2003; Sellers & others, 2006). Such groups are referred to as minimal groups because group assignment is arbitrary and meaningless. Social psychologist Henry Tajfel (1978), a Holocaust survivor, wanted to explain the extreme violence and prejudice that his religious group (Jews) experienced. Tajfel's social identity theory states that our social identities are a crucial part of our self-image and a valuable source of positive feelings about ourselves. To feel good about ourselves, we need to feel good about the groups to which we belong. For this reason, individuals
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