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Comm Studies 10

Comm Studies 10 - Commstudiessection1 18:20 DeborahTannen,...

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Comm studies section 1 18:20 -Deborah Tannen, socio-linguistics professor - identifying differences along gender lines -hierarchy: structured social order with a top and bottom -men are constantly obsessed with attaining social dominance in conversation -women are more concerned with connection and intimacy -meta-message: interpreted meaning of message from speaker to receiver -meta messages are not necessarily the same as the message itself -Tannen suggests that a cross cultural approach to male-female conversations  can reduce miscommunication between the sexes -“troubles talk” creates a common ground for women to build more intimate  relationships -Rapport talk: language of establishing connections and negotiating relationships  (WOMEN) -Report talk: Verbal performance primarily concerned with preserving  independence and status in a hierarchical social order
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Section 2 18:20 Gossip Talking about vs. talking against For women, it establishes connection and intimacy Ritual combat- ex. sports give men opportunity to jockey for status but also  form friendships Overlap for women perceived as interruption for men Interruption is not a break in conversation High considerateness versus high involvement speakers High Involvement- (women) don’t mind being interrupted High considerateness-(men) do not like being interrupted
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Section 3 18:20 Midterm:  3 long essays 26 short answer questions Understand thesis of Tannen’s book - Professional world: Women are either inadequate leaders or inadequate women Women managers talk to employees, try to get their opinion Male workplace standards—women are “damned” When women display “male characteristics” like assertiveness, dominating,  she is viewed as a bitch -Apologies Women expect counter-apologies Women understand apologies as empathy For men, apologizing places them under whoever they are apologizing to -Anchoring Gaze: Visual home-base for women, the speaker and listener look at each other for men, gaze shifts around room Men take “looking each other in the eye” as confrontation, possibly sexual
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Communications as a Social Science 18:20 -Prepare essay for questions that he wrote about-EXAMPLES -Reading: short answer questions Science:  a body of systematically arranged knowledge that shows operation of  general laws Underlying assumption is that there is some order or pattern to the universe Problems with Common Sense: Over-generalized, simplified, contradictory We believe what we want to Selective exposure -Social sciences face more problems than natural sciences because humans are  not the most cooperative testing groups -
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