7593793__Civil_War_and_Reconstruction_

7593793__Civil_War_and_Reconstruction_ - Civil War and...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–4. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Civil War and Reconstruction 1 Running head: CIVIL WAR AND RECONSTRUCTION: HISTORY Civil War and Reconstruction: History [Author’s Name] [Institution’s Name]
Image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Civil War and Reconstruction 2 Confederacy’s Defeat in the Civil War Between December 21, 1860, and February 1, 1861, before Lincoln had even been inaugurated, the seven states of the Deep South seceded from the Union. Efforts to find a suitable compromise in Congress failed, as all proposals except a proposed thirteenth amendment forever guaranteeing slavery in the southern states were rejected. Congress adjourned with a sense of futility and hopelessness. Six weeks later, the Civil War began when Lincoln dispatched a relief expedition to Fort Sumter in Charleston harbor, South Carolina. Confederate leaders chose to open fire on the federal garrison in the fort rather than let the Union fleet land supplies. The attack on Fort Sumter galvanized public opinion in both sections, and men and women fervently rallied to the cause of the Union or the Confederacy. Matters had moved beyond compromise. In April 1861, Northerners and Southerners alike rejected the democratic process and turned to war to resolve their differences. The disruption of the Union and the outbreak of war represented the ultimate failure of American democracy. Why had the Confederacy failed? The Confederacy had successfully contained sectional animosities for a long time, only to falter abysmally in this final crisis, which it had not come close to solving. This failure had momentous consequences, for the American Confederacy was the major mechanism to deal with and defuse the sectional conflict. For one thing, it placed certain limits on dissent. Confederacy was not free to take any position concerning sectional confrontations. Instead, they had pay some heed to the national ramifications of their ideological stance and behavior, since whatever the Confederacy did in one state affected the Confederacy future in other states.
Image of page 2
Civil War and Reconstruction 3 The Reconstruction Phase From the point of view of social and political science in general, the South bulks largest in the history of reconstruction. But our point of view is different. We must regard the period as a step in the progress of the American nation. In this aspect the North claims our principal attention. The social, economic, and political forces that wrought positively for progress are to be found in the record, not of the vanquished, but of the victorious section. In this record there is less that is spectacular, less that is pathetic, and more that seems inexcusably sordid than in the record of the South; but moral and dramatic values must not have greater weight in the writing than they have had in the making of history. Our narrative, therefore, while it may seem to slight
Image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Image of page 4
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern