Chapter 18

Chapter 18 - Chapter 18 The Machine Age 1877-1920 Technology the Triumph of Industrialism Thomas Edison believed that people had to organize work

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Chapter 18: The Machine Age 1877-1920 Americans though of themselves as mechanical people willing to replace old technology w/new Birth of the Electrical Industry Edison came up with to provide electricity conveniently to large number of customers George Westinghouse made better by using generators that used alternating current & transformers that reduced high voltage power to lower voltages Henry Ford used Daimlers Gasoline burning engine to power a vehicle Spawned massive industry Researched dyestuffs which aided pharmaceutical industry James Bonsack inventing machine for rolling cigarettes which then made production increase in the south Textile mills then ad villages made around them so that owners could watch over the workers at all times as to not form unions “New South” Consequences of Technology Telephones & typewriters made communication face to face less important Electronic Sewing machines made clothing available to everyone Dietary habits changed Large companies had advantage economies of scale Standardization Production reduced need for worker skills & judgment, boosting profits at expense of worker independence Frederick W. Taylor foreman & engineer concluded best way a company could reduce fixed costs & increase profits was to apply scientific studies of how fast work be done Time & quality became measure of acceptable work, & science rather than experience determed ways of doing things Technology innovation & assembly line production created new jobs but most machines were labor saving few workers could produce more in less time Employees received wages for time spent on job Mass Production Mass production subdivided manufacturing into small tasks
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 11/28/2010 for the course HIS 2341 taught by Professor Asdih during the Spring '06 term at Bryant.

Page1 / 6

Chapter 18 - Chapter 18 The Machine Age 1877-1920 Technology the Triumph of Industrialism Thomas Edison believed that people had to organize work

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online