Chapter 22

Chapter 22 - Chapter 22: The Quest for Empire 1865-1914...

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Chapter 22: The Quest for Empire 1865-1914 Imperial Dreams Exceptionalism, Nationalism, capitalism, Social Darwinism, & paternalistic attitude toward foreigners influenced American leaders Foreign Policy Elite o Foreign Policy Elite- opinion leaders in politics, journalism, business, agriculture, religion, education, & military o Thoughtful men of the country o o Reason: Profit from foreign sales o Foreign commerce might serve as a safety valve to relieve overproduction, unemployment, economic Foreign Trade Expansion o US among top 4 investor countries o Agricultural goods accounted for about 3/4ths of total exports o Phrenology & Physiognomy- measurement of skull size & comparison of facial features to produce o President Theodore Roosevelt viewed people of color as effeminate weaklings who lacked ability to o Fairs stereotyped other peoples as falling short of civilization o Celebrated impressive technology of “western civilization: o Put people of color on displace in freaks or midway section o Race thinking reinforced notions of American greatness influenced way US leaders dealt with other o o o San Francisco School Board, reflecting anti-Asian bias of many west coast Americans, ordered o Gentlemen’s Agreement w/Tokyo restricting inflow of Japanese Immigrants o California legislator denied Japanese residents right to own property in state The “Civilizing Impulse” o When US intervened in other lands or lectured weaker states, Americans claimed that in remaking o o Student Volunteers for Foreign Missions William H Seward argued relentlessly for extension of American frontier as senator from NY & secretary of state International Communications o 1866 an underwater transatlantic cable linked European American telegraph networks o Telegraph lines to Latin America, entering Chile in 1980 o o Wire telegraphy shrank globe o American diplomats found that they could enter negotiations w/their European counterparts on roughly equal terms- sure sign that US had arrived on international stage o Britain & America signed Washington Treaty- British apologized & agreed to creation of a tribunal, later awarded US $15.5 million
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Chapter 22 - Chapter 22: The Quest for Empire 1865-1914...

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